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Anatomy--Joints

QuestionAnswer
bones fastened together by a thin layer of dense connetive tissue containing many collagenous fibera Fibrous Joint
-Bones bound by interosseous ligament -Joint Flexible and may be twisted Syndesmosis Joint
-Flat bones united by sutural ligament -No movement Suture
-Cone shaped process fastened in bony socket by periodontal ligament -No movement Gomphosis
Articulating bones connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage Cartilaginous
-Bones united by bands of hyaline cartilage -Movement ocurrs during growth process until ossification ocurrs Synchondrosis
-Articular surfaces seperated by thin layers of hyaline cartilage attached to band of fibrocartilage -Limited movement, as when back is bent or twisted Symphysis
Articulating bones surrounded by a joint capsule of ligaments and synovial membranes; ends of articulating bones covered by hyaline cartilage and seperated by synovial fluid Synovial
-Ball shaped head of one bone articulates with cup shaped socket of another -Movements in all planes; rotation Ball and Socket
-Oval shaped condyle of one bone articulates with elliptical cavity of another -Variety of movements in different planes, but no rotation Condyloid
-Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved -Sliding or twisting Gliding
-Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another -Flexion and Extension Hinge
-Cylindrical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue -Rotation Pivot
-Articulating surfaces have both concave and convex regions; surface of one bone fits the complementary surface of another -Variety of movements; mainly in two planes Saddle
Created by: andemelane