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Reproductive system

Adhesiolysis (adhesiotomy) Breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesions (scars)
Biopsy Tissue sampling to identify neoplasia
Cervical conization Removal of a cone shoped portion of the cervix
Colporrhaphy Suture to repair the vagina
Colposcopy Examination of the vagina & cervix using a specialized microscope
Digital rectal exam (DRE) Insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum & prostate
Dilation & currettage (D&C) Dilation of the cervix & scraping of the endometrium
Endorectal sonogram of prostate Scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum
Endovaginal (transvaginal) sonogram Ultrasound image of the uterus, tubes, ovaries made with transducer within the vagina
Hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus
Hysterosalpingogram X-ray of the fallopian tubes after injection of a contrast medium through the cervix
Hysteroscopy Endoscopic examine on the intrauterine cavity
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) Electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a device to treat cervical lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy & treatment of affected tissue
Mammogram Low dose imaging of breast tissue
Myomectomy Excision of fibroid tumors
Oophorectomy Surgical excision of an ovary
Ovarian cystectomy Excision of an ovarian cyst
Papanicolaou smear Study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer & other abnormalities
PSA-Prostate Specific Antigen Blood test to screen for prostate cancer
Salpingectomy Surgical excision of the uterine (fallopian) tube
Salpingotomy Incision into fallopian tube
Salpingostomy Creation of an opening in the fallopian tube to open a blockage
Semen analysis Study of semen including sperm count with observation of morphology & motility
Sonohysterogram (saline infusion sonogram) Transvaginal ultrasound made as sterile saline is injected into the uterus
Transabdominal sonogram Ultrasound image of the lower abdomen including the bladder, uterus, tubes & ovaries
Tubal ligation Sterilization by cutting & tying the uterine tubes
Urethrogram X-ray of the urethra & prostrate
Augmentation Reconstruction to enlarge the breast
Circumcision Removal of the foreskin, exposing the glans penis
Contraceptives Hormones used to prevent conception by suppressing ovulation
Epididymectomy Removal of an epididymis
Hormone replacement thereapy (HRT) Use of hormones to replace a deficiency or to regulate production
Intrauterine Device (IUD) Contraceptive device inserted into the uterus that prevents implantation
Lumpectomy Excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue
Mammmoplasty Surgical reconstruction of a breast
Mastectomy Removal of the entire breast
Mastopexy Elevation of pendulous breast tissue
Modified radical mastectomy Removal of the entire breast tissue & lymph nodes of the axilla
Orchiectomy Removal of a testicle
Orchiopexy Fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
Prostatectomy Excision of the prostate gland
Radical mastectomy Removal of entire breast with underlying chest muscles & axillary lumph nodes
Spermicidals Agents that kill sperm
Vasectomy Removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility
Vasovasostomy Restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility
Created by: pmm