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Med School Drugs

Drugs

QuestionsAnswers
Nafcillin class B-lactam anti-microbial
Nafcillin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage preventing cell wall formation
dicloxicillin class B-lactam anti-microbial
dicloxicillin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage preventing cell wall formation
amoxicillin class B-lactam anti-microbial
amoxicillin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage preventing cell wall formation
Ceflacor class B-lactam anti-microbial
Ceflacor action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage preventing cell wall formation
Cephalexin class B-lactam anti-microbial
Cephalexin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage preventing cell wall formation
aminoglycoside class aminoglycoside
aminoglycoside action protein synthesis 30S inhibitors; inhibit formation of initiation complex; cause mRNA misreading
Albuterol class adrenergic agonist
Albuterol action B2-receptor agonist; bronchodilator
Acetylcysteine class mucolytic
Acetylcysteine action break disulfide bonds in mucus; decrease mucus viscosity
Trimethoprim class anti-bacterial agent
Trimethoprim action inhibit dihydrofolate reductase; together: inhibit folic acid synthesis, which eventually disrupts DNA synthesis
Recombinant human DNAse therapy class antimucus agent
Recombinant human DNAse therapy action DNAse degrades DNA, which causes the mucus to loosen
Ovral-28 class contraceptive; estrogens, progestin
Ovral-28 action suppression of gonadotropins (FSH & LH)
NPH class Antidiabetic
NPH action intermediate acting insulin
Human regular insulin class Antidiabetic, hypoglycemic
Human regular insulin action acts as normal insulin does
Mefoxitin class B-lactam anti-microbial
Mefoxitin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage prevent cell wall formation
Phenergan class anti-emetics; antivertigo
Phenergan action relief of motion sickness, anti-nausea
Metformin class diabetic agent
Metformin action inhibit hepatic gluconeogenesis
Aspirin class NSAID
Aspirin action irreversibly inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX 1 & 2); decrease prostaglandin synthesis
Simvastatin class antihyperlipidemic
Simvastatin action inhibit HMG-CoA reductase; increase LDL receptors
Exenatide class Antidiabetic agent; insulin mimic
Exenatide action enhance glucose-dependent insulin secretion
Lisinopril class antihypertensive agent
Lisinopril action inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme
Heparin class anti-coagulant
Heparin action accelerate action of antithrombin III
Coumadin (Warfarin) class anti-coagulant
Coumadin (Warfarin) action inhibit Vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylation of factors II, VII, IX, and protein C and protein S
Lactated ringers class electrolyte replacement
Lactated ringers action induce blood volume increase
Morphine sulfate class analgesic, narcotic
Morphine sulfate action opioid receptor agonist which leads to hyperpolarization and decreased activity of neural cells
Atorvastatin class antihyperlipidemic
Atorvastatin action inhibit HMG CoA reductase, and thus increase in the concentration of LDL receptors
Atenelol class antiadrenergics, B-blocker
Atenelol action selective B1-receptor antagonist, thus heart rate and contractility are decreased
Cefazolin class B-lactam anti-microbial
Cefazolin action bind PBPs; block peptidoglycan cross-linkage prevent cell wall formation
Gentamicin class antibiotic, aminoglycosides
Gentamicin action protein synthesis inhibitor; binds to the 30S bacterial ribosomal unit and inhibits the formation of the initiation complex, thus causing mRNA misreading
Oxycodon class analgesic, narcotic
Oxycodon action opioid receptor agonist; to hyperpolarization and decreased activity of neural cells
Ibuprofen class NSAID
Ibuprofen action irreversible inhibitor of COX (1 & 2), and thus, decreases prostaglandin synthesis
Ciprofloxacin class antibiotic fluoroquinolone
Ciprofloxacin action inhibit bacterial gyrase and causing cell death; binds to gyrase after DNA strand breakage, preventing the reconnecting action, and leaving DNA fragments
Prednisone class corticosteroid
Prednisone action suppress inflammation and the normal immune response, induce apoptosis of lymphocytes
Acetaminophen class non-narcotic analgesic, antipyretic
Acetaminophen action Act on hypothalmic heat regulating center for antipyresis, elevates pain threshold
Methotrexate class antineoplastic
Methotrexate action Inhibits dihydrofolate reductase preventing the formation of actvie folate disrupting DNA production
Imitrex class Vascular headache suppressant
Imitrex action Selective agonist at specific vascular serotonin receptors causing vasoconstriction in large intracranial arteries
Nitroglycerin class Vasodilator
Nitroglycerin action Relaxation of vascular smooth muscle causes peripheral pooling
Created by: dgullicks