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The Enlightenment #5

Notes on the Enilightenment/Age of New Reason

QuestionAnswer
What were the origins of the Enlightenment? The scientific and intellectual revolutions of the 17c.
What did the Enlightenment thinkers feel? That change and reason were both possible and desireable for the sake of human liberty.
What did the Enlightenment philosophers provide? A major source of ideas that could be used to undermine existing social and political structures.
Rationalism Logical reasoning based on facts.
Cosmology New world view based on Newtonian physics. Analysis of natural phenomena as systems.
Secularism Application of scientific theories to religion and society.
Scientific Method Experimentation, Observation, and Hypothesis.
Utilitarianism (Bentham) Laws created for the common good and not for the special interests. The greatest good for the greatest number.
Optimism and Self-Confidence Anything is possible (a reversal of medieval thinking)
Tolerance A greater acceptance of different societies and cultures.
Freedom A mind as well as a society free to think, free from predjudice.
Philosophers Men who sought to apply reason and common sense to nearly all the major institutions and mores of the day.
Created by: cassiebabe