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SS Mid Term Review

Study Guide

Name all the rivers we have discussed so far this year. The Nile River, Tigris River, Huang River, Indus River, Ganges River, and Euphrates River. (NIGHTE)
What is an archaeologist? A scientist who uncovers, evidence, or proof from the past.
Why does studying history help us? To learn about the world and how we can help it.
Define culture: The way in which individuals and groups react to their environment including their technology, customs, beliefs, and art.
What is a primary source? A term used in a number of disciplines to describe source material that is closest to he person, information, period, or idea.
What is an artifact? An object made by people long ago.
What does a physical geographer study? The earth's surface.
What are the four major landforms? Hills, plains, mountains, oceans, volcanoes
Define climate: The average weather conditions place over a long span of time.
What are the two types of location? longitude and latitude
Define society: An organized community with established rules and traditions.
What are hunters and gathers? human beings who obtain their food from the bounty of nature, hunting animals and gathering wild plants. It is a subsistence lifestyle, practiced by all early human societies. Such people are generally nomads, moving on as food suppl
What is the earliest civilization known? South Africa
What two rivers surrounded Mesopotamia? Tigris and the Euphrates.
What is the difference between canals and rivers? Canals are channels of water which people have made. Rivers are natural watercourses. Their course may be altered by people for various reasons but they are essentially natural.
Define geography: The study of the relationship between physical and features, climate, and people.
What is absolute location? a location on earth
Slow moving sections of the earth that usually cause volcanoes and earthquakes are called? Plates.
What are the five themes of geography? Location , human-environment interaction ,movement , region an place.
The process in which rock and soil are moved from one place on the earth’s surface to another called? Erosion.
The pattern of weather of a place over many years is called? Climate.
The falling of moisture such as rain, snow, sleet or hail is called? Precipitation.
What connected Africa to both southern Europe and southwestern Asia? Earth's Plates
What were the first tools the Paleolithic people used? Stone Tools.
What allowed people to live in cooler and wetter places rather than in just warm and dry ones? Because of the climate
What were two important discoveries that brought on the Neolithic Revolution? Fire and hunting.
What civilization is the earliest known civilization on the earth? Mesopotamia.
A city and the farmland around it is called a(n)? City-State.
A skilled worker is known as a?
A temple or “mountain of God” is called a(n)? church
Who went to school in the Sumerian civilization? The boys.
Sumerian writing that is made up of wedge like symbols is called? Cuneiform.
A Sumerian governmental and religious leader is? King or Queen
A group of city-states under one ruler is called a(n)? empire
Who created the world’s first empire? Sargon
The ___________ River flows north 4,145 miles, from the mountains of central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. Nile.
What is a delta? A triangular-shaped area at the mouth of some rivers.
At first there were only 2 kingdoms in Egypt, what were they? The old and new kingdoms.
Who was Narmer or Menes? A king.
What is a pharaoh? The king Egyptian title of Egypt.
What is a pyramid? What was placed in the pyramid with the pharaoh? A large stone building to serve as a house for the dead with all the pharaoh's organs.
Who built the pyramids and what were the made of? Egyptians made the pyramids and the pyramids were built out of stone.
Preserving the bodies of the dead was done by? Egyptians.
Who invaded Egypt in 1786 B.C. and how long did they rule? Alexander The Great and he ruled for 33 years.
Who was Amon-Re? A pharaoh. An egyptian god.
What are hieroglyphics? A form of writing based on pictures.
What is papyrus? A plant used to make paper.
What contributions did the Egyptians make in the field of medicine? Use a plant called papyrus to make medicines.
Who was the first female ruler? Hapshepsut.
The mountains in northern India are called? The Himalayas.
Define monsoon: The rainy season.
Who were the Aryans? Nomads who traveled in India from place to place.
Define Hinduism: The main religion of India that is based on Aryan beliefs.
What are the guiding principals of Buddhism? Sanskrit
Why is so little known about the early life of people in the Indus River and Huang He valleys? Because these river valleys were new lands.
Why were the Harappa and Mohenjo-daro healthy places to live? They had good rules and laws about being healthy.
Why were family ties important to the Shang people? The Shang worshipped spirits and had respect for ancestors forged strong family ties amongst the Shang people.
How did kings of the Shang use oracle bones? to predict peoples future.
What cultural contribution did the Shang leave to the world? Shang Dynasty.
What is a nomad? A person that travels from place to place with no permanent home.
Define descendants: A person who was born later into the same family.
Kush was located south of Egypt on the Nile River in present-day _______________. 1400 BC.
The first Kushite king was __________. Thutmose III.
Identify Confucius: He believed in peace.
Ying Zheng gave himself the name Shi Huangdi, which means? First Emperor.
Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall of China built? To keep invaders out.
What led to China making contact with other cultures? Education.
The Silk Road began in China and ended Central Asia.
What is the most sacred text in Judaism? Torah.
A Jewish house of worship is called? A synagogue. (church)
What are the 2 most famous Greek city-states? Athens and Sparta.
What does democracy mean? A government by the people.
From an early age, Spartan boys were trained to be: In the army.
Compare the life in Sparta vs Athens: Spartans lived in a strict military city-state. Athens lived in a city state of responsibility and citizenship.
What was the relationship between Philip II of Macedonia and Alexander the Great? They were both Kings.
What happened to Alexander’s Empire after he died? Three of his generals divided the empire among themselves.
The Parthenon is a famous Greek what? A temple in the Athenian Acropolis, Greece.
Why were early Greek philosophers important? Because of their education and knowledge.
Greek philosophers believed that on thing was more important that anything else in life. What was it? Asking questions.
Created by: Joshua Brown
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