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Pharmacy Shorthand

Medical Abbreviations

aa ana; of each
ad ad; up to
a.c. ante cibum; before meals
a.d. aurio dextra; right ear
ad lib. ad libitum; use as much as one desires; freely
admov. admove; apply
agit agita; stir/shake
alt. h. alternis horis; every other hour
a.m. ante meridiem; morning, before noon
amp ampule
amt amount
aq aqua; water
a.l., a.s. auris laeva, auris sinistra; left ear
A.T.C. around the clock
a.u. auris utraque; both ears
bis bis; twice
b.d., b.i.d. bis in die; twice daily
B.M. bowel movement
bol. bolus; as a large single dose(usually intravenously)
B.S. blood sugar
B.S.A. body surface areas
BUCC bucca; inside cheek
cap., caps. capsula; capsule
c(bar), c. cum; with(usually written with a bar on top of the "c")
cib. cibus; food
cc cum cibo; with food, (but also cubic centimetre)
cf with food
comp. compound
cr., crm cream
CST continue same treatment
D5W dextrose 5% solution (sometimes written as D5W)
D5NS dextrose 5% in normal saline (0.9%)
D.A.W. dispense as written(i.e., no generic substitution)
dc, D/C, disc discontinue
dieb. alt. diebus alternis; every other day
dil. dilute
disp. dispersible or dispense
div. divide
d.t.d. dentur tales doses; give of such doses
D.W. distilled water
elix. elixir
e.m.p. ex modo prescripto; as directed
emuls. emulsum; emulsion
et et; and
eod every other day
ex aq ex aqua; in water
fl., fld. fluid
ft. fiat; make; let it be made
g gram
g grain
gtt(s) gutta(e);drop(s)
H hypodermic
h, hr hora; hour
h.s. hora somni; at bedtime
ID intradermal
IM intramuscular(with respect to injections)
inj. injectio; injection
IP intraperitoneal
IV intravenous
IVP intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggyback
L.A.S. label as such
LCD coal tar solution
lin linimentum; liniment
liq liquor; solution
lot. lotion
man mane; in the morning
M. misce; mix
m, min minimum; a minimum
mcg microgram
m.d.u. more dicto utendus; to be used as directed
mEq milliequivalent
mg milligram
mist. mistura; mix
mitte mitte; send
mL millilitre
nebul nebula; a spray
N.M.T. not more than
noct. nocte; at night
non rep. non repetatur; no repeats
NS normal saline(0.9%)
1/2NS half normal saline(0.45%)
N.T.E. not to exceed
o_2 both eyes, sometimes written as o2
o.d. oculus dexter; right eye
o.p.d. once per day
o.s. oculus sinister; left eye
o.u. oculus uterque; both eyes
oz ounce
per per; by or through
p.c. post cibum; after meals
pig./pigm. pgmentum; paint
p.m. post meridiem; evening or afternoon
PRN, prn pro re nata; as needed
p.o. per os; by mouth or orally
p.r. by rectum
pulv. pulvis; powder
PV per vaginam; via the vagina
q quaque; every
q.a.d. quoque alternis die; every other day
q.a.m. quaque die ante meridiem; everyday before noon
q.d.s. quater die sumendus; four times a day
q.p.m. quaque die post meridiem; every day before bedtime
q.h. quaque hora; every hour
q.h.s. quaque hora somni; every night at bedtime
q.1h,q.1° quaque 1 hora; every 1 hour; (can replace "1" with other numbers)
q.d. quaque die; every day
q.i.d. quater in die; four times a day
q.o.d. every other day
qqh quater quaque hora; every four hours
q.s. quantum sufficiat; a sufficient quantity
QWK every week
R rectal
rep., rept. repetatur; repeats
RL, R/L Ringer's lactate
s(bar) sine; without(usually written with a bar on top of the "s")
s.a. secundum artum; use your judgment
SC, subc., subcut, subq, SQ subcutaneous
sig write on label
SL subligually, under the tongue
sol solutio; solution
s.o.s., si op. sit si opus sit; if there is a need
ss semis; one half
stat statim; immediately
supp suppositorium; suppository
susp suspension
syr syrupus; syrup
tab tabella; tablet
tal., t talus; such
tbsp tablespoon
troche trochiscus; lozenge
tsp teaspoon
t.i.d. ter in die; three times a day
t.d.s. ter die sumendum; three times a day
t.i.w. three times a week
top. topical
T.P.N. total parenteral nutrition
tr., tinc., tinct. tincture
u.d., ut. dict. ut dictum; as directed
ung. unguentum; ointment
U.S.P. United States Pharmacopoeia
vag vaginally
w with
wf with food(with meals)
w/o without
X times
Y.O. years old
Created by: starrymuse