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Anatomy Ch. 7*

The Endocrine Glands and Hormones

QuestionAnswer
the _________________system is a complex collection of hormones that coordinate many of the body's functions. endocrine
the endocrine system is composed of ____________ that produce endocrine secretions glands
endocrine secretions go directly into the _______________ blood
enodcrine secretions enter _________________ body cavities
endocrine secretions are _______________ cellular signals
hormones work by attaching to ____________ on target cells receptors
_______________carry chemicals that attach to receptors ligands
____________________transport certain hormones carrier proteins
_________________are cells that change in response to a signal effectors
enodcrine glands are _______________ ductless
________________have receptors that bind to specific endocrine secretions target cells
______________secretions target the cells that produce them autocrine
______________secretions target nearby cells paracrine
endocrine secretions usually target ____________ cells distant
most endocrine secretions control the body through ____________________ negative feedback
a ________________is any secretion that signals a cell to alter its metabolism hormone
chemicals that carry out the job of a hormone by turning on a cell response are called ______________ agonists
chemicals that carry out the job of a hormone by turning off a cell response are called _______________ antagonists
there are two types of hormones: ___________ and ______________ peptide and lipid
________________hormones are usually involved in rapid body changes peptide
________________ hormones play a role in body fluid control and sexual reproduction Lipid
there are _____distinct endocrine glands 10
the ____________________, or hypophysis is known as the master gland pituitary gland
the pituitary gland is composed of ____________ and _______________ pituitaries anterior and posterior
chemicals called _________________, or _____________________are secretions of the hypothalamus, and they control the anterior pituitary gland. releasers, or releasing hormones
nerve cells from the ____________________ control the posterior pituitary hypothalamus
the pineal gland produces ________________ and ___________________ melatonin and serotonin
the adrenal gland is divided into an outer region called the _________________ and an inner part called the _____________________ adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla
the _________________gland helps control metabolic rate thyroid
the ___________________produces hormones and digestive enzymes pancreas
the _________cells of the pancreas produces insulin beta
the ___________cells of the pancreas produce glucagon alpha
the _________________gland produces secretions that stimulate the immune system thymus
the ______________produce hormones and gametes gonads
the female gonads, or ______________, produce estrogen and progesterone ovaries
the male gonads, or ______________, produce testosterone testes
most hormones ________________in amount as adults age. decrease
some individuals seek ______________________ in an attempt to counteract the effects of aging of the endocrine system hormone replacement therapy
the two types of human glands are _____________ and _____________. endocrine, exocrine
____________glands secrete chemicals into the blood endocrine
____________glands send secretions into ducts that enter body cavities exocrine
____________receptors are on the cell membrane external
____________receptors are in the cytoplasm or nucleus internal
the _____________________produces andrenocorticotropic hormone, growth hormone, and thyroid-stimulating hormone anterior pituitary
the hypothalamus produces neural secretions called __________that help regulate the anterior pituitary releasers
_____________ affects the female reproductive tract and has no know function in normal males oxytocin
the _____________gland produces melatonin and serotonin pineal
the ___________________ produces glucocorticosteroids that regulate metabolism and the minerocorticosteroids that regulate salt and water balance adrenal cortex
adrenalin is the major hormone produced by the ____________________. it controls the body's response to stress adrenal medulla
the main role of _______________is to regulate sodium and potassium levels in the blood aldosterone
the ______________gland produces thyroxine and calcitonin thyroid
________________from the thyroid gland lowers calcium in the blood. calcitonin
_______________hormone from the parathyroid glands raised blood calcium parathyroid
the _____________major role is to produce secretions that "educate" the immune system thymus'
_______________is the hormone from the thymus that stimulates the development of T cells thymosin
secretions that travel to nearby target cells are called: ________________ paracrine
cells that respond to hormones are called: ______________ target cells
Created by: Lauren G.