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Anatomy Ch. 5*

The Skeletal System

bone development begins early in human development, but it is not complete until a person is in his or her _______________ twenties
a certain amount of _______________ is needed to maintain the integrity of the skeletal system avtivity
human have an ___________________ endoskeleton
the skeletal system is composed of ___________, ________________, _____________, and _____________ bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons
the skeletal system provides ________________, _________________ and _______________ movement, protection and shape
the _________________ skeleton is composed of the spine, rib cage and skull axial
the ____________________skeleton is composed of the bones of the arm, hips, legs, and shoulders appendicular
the _______________is composed of the crainial and facial bones skull
the _________________ bones are the ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal bones cranial
the _______________bones are the inferior nasal conchae, lacrimal, mandible, maxillary, nasal, palatine, vomer, and zygomatic bones. frontal
the _________________are divided into the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal bones vertebrae
the _________________is composed of the ribs and sternum rib cage
the _____________________of the neck is part of the axial skeleton hyoid bone
the ______________________skeleton is composed of the upper and lower extremities appendicular
the ______________ extremities are composed of the following bones: the carpels, clavicle, humerus, metaarpels, phalanges, radius, scapula, and ulna. upper
the ________________extremities are composed of the following bones: the femur, fibula, ilium, ischium, metatarsels, phalanges, pubis, tibia, and tarsals. lower
bones can be categorized by shape: ___________, _______________, ____________ and _________________ flat, irregular, long and short
bones are classified by there origin in the ______________ embryo
_____________bones are composed of a diaphysis, two epiphyses, and two epiphyseal lines long
the marrow cavity can contain __________ or ______________ bone marrow yellow, red
bone cells are called ________________ osteocytes
bone matrix is made of collagen, _____________________, and the calcium mineral, ____________________ osteocalcin, hydroxyapatite
bone is composed of _________________ (cortical) and __________________ (trabecular) bone. compact, cancellous
joints can be categorized by their structual components. the categories are ____________________, ____________________ and _______________________ cartilaginous, fibrous, and synovial
joints can also be categorized by their function. the categories are ________________, ___________________ and ________________________ ampharthrosis, diarthrosis, and synarthrosis
the following are the different types of synarthoses: ball and socket, condyloid or ellipsoidal, gliding, hinge, pivot, and saddle
____________________bones form from cartilage pegs in the embryo. they usually produce long bones, and parts of irregular and short bones. endochondral
endochondral bones have primary and secondary ____________________centers, and a region that produces bone collar. ossification
the growth of the _________________ determines bone length diaphysis
dermal bones form in ________________ membranes. subcutaneous
dermal bones are mostly composed of _____________ bone with a covering of bony plates. they usually produce ________bones and parts of irregular bones cancellous, flat
bone fractures can be ________________, ________________ or ____________________, ______________________ simple, commuted or compound, and open
_______________ can be categorized by the shape or displacement of the fracture line. fractures
bone healing involves four stages: _____________, _________________, ____________, and ___________________ fracture, granulation, callus, and normal contour.
sometimes the bone healing process is classified as three phases: ______________, _________________, and _________________ reactive, reparative, and restorative
__________________is a common skeletal disease that affects the joints. arthritis
the types of arthritis include _______________, _____________________, ankylosing spondylitis, and juvenile arthritis osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
other diseases that affect joints are ___________, lupus, scleroderma, and ________________ gout, fibromyalgia
________________is one of the diseases of bone density loss osteoporosis
___________________is a bone marrow cancer myeloma
____________________is a bone inflammation caused by bacteria osteomyelitis
____________________is death of bone tissue caused by loss of blood flow to the osteons osteonecrosis
during a person's lifetime, bone is constantly _________________ and __________________ degraded, replaced
some bone aging is due to wear and tear on the _____________ and _____________ bones, joints
some bone aging is due to a slowing of ____________________________ bone tissue replacement
___________________can affect bone and joint aging lifestyle
changes in _____________________production contribute to skeletal aging sex-hormone
skeletal aging is affected by ______________ and ______________________ gravity and posture
________________these joints permit no movement, which is typical of certain fibrous joints synarthrosis
_________________a slight degree of movement can occur amphiarthrosis
_________________these joints provide a variety of movements. synovial joints permit this degree of movement diarthrosis
the two major types of embryological bone formation are ________________ossification and __________________ossification endochondrial, intramembranous
___________________- bone junction articulation
___________________- synovial fluid filled sac bursa
___________________- bone surface connective tissue periostium
___________________- articulates with tibia and fibula talus
Created by: Lauren G.