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ch 7 terms

ap euro ch 7 terms to study

Hogarth painted "Gin Lane"; he showed both the popularity and dangers of alcohol in the lives of Britain's working classes
Mountebank someone who mounted a platform where he sold questionable remedies for various ills while keeping up a patter of jokes and stories
Patois in French, a dialect that is not standard
"The World Turned Upside Down" A common theme of carnivals where everyone does things backwards
Duke of Orleans the French gov. was entrusted to him as regent of Louis XV; admitted greater power to the aristocracy (aristocratic resurgence)
Whigs one of the two political parties in England; the gov. and Anglican Bishops who were close to gov. remained whigs in this time period
Tories other political party in England; non-jurors and Scots; started counterrevolution; wanted return of Stuarts
James III "the Pretender"; followers were known as Jacobites; wanted to be king of England; Stuart
John Law financial wizard of France; Scot; Mississippi Company-soon absorbed the monopoly of all French colonial trade
Mississippi Bubble John Law's system, in France, of money and stocks
Jacobites James III's partisans; claimed that James III had the Divine Right of Kings and that if he gave up Catholicism he would be excepted into England as king
Cardinal Fleury France's statesman that governed its "bubble; held office for two decades
George I suported by Whigs; Hanoverian; King of England-friends and enemies believed him to be ridiculous and repulsive
Robert Walpole England's statesman that governed its "bubble"; "quieta non movere"-let sleeping dogs lie
Mercantilism economic system to increase a nation's wealth by gov. regulation of all the nation's commercial interests
East India companies many were created during this time; all for trade across seas w/ America and others
Transatlantic Slave Trade in 18th century, conducted by english-speaking interests; made economy boom
Plantation Economy first established in sugar and later in cotton; brought Africa into foreground
Thomas Pitt "Diamond Pitt"; interloper in India; only competetor to the Company; bought 410-carot diamond and eventually sold in to the king of France who put it in his crown
Bubble Act it forbade all companies except those specifically chartered by the gov. to raise capital by the sale of stock
War of Jenkin's Ear the opening hostilities between England and Spain that was eventually a part of the war of Austrian Succession
Frederick II Frederick the Great; king of Prussia; no religion, writer, cynic
Maria Theresa one of the most capable Habsburg rulers; 16 children; at war with Frederick II; ruled Silesia
Pragmatic Sanction a general agreement signed by the European powers, including Prussia, that stipulated that all domains of the Austian Habsburgs should be inherited integrally by the new heiress, Maria Theresa
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended War of Austrian Succession; lesser power of all the strong European powers
George III 1761; English ruler after Pitt
William Pitt In the Seven Years War, he was the English leader; Earl of Chatham; man of wide vision and superb confidence
Dupleix believed that the funds sent out by the company in Paris to finance the Indian trade were insufficient
Treaty of Paris 1763 the British overseas empire triumphed over the French, Britain took Florida from Spain, French retained sugar islands and trading in India, and Britain proceeded to make its empire in India
Peace of Hubertusburg Ausria and Prussia treaty; Prussia still major
Robert Clive advanced British interests in India when the Seven Years War started; capture Bengal; "Black Hole of Calcutta"
Battle of Plassey battle, after which, Clive forced himself into Bengal's throne
Diplomatic Revolution "reversal of alliances"; 1756; after Seven Years War it went from France and Prussia against England and Austria to France and Austria against Prussia and England
Created by: paigebaldwin