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MBC 118 WEEK 2

words

QuestionAnswer
Huntington Disease hereditary disorder affecting the cerebrum and involving abrubt, involuntary, jerking movements and mental deterioration in later stages
Alzheimer disease Brain disorder marked by progressive, gradual mental deterioration (dementia) along with personality changes and impairment of daily functioning
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Damage to nerves on the lateral (side) columns of the spinal cord and lower region of the brain, leading to progressive muscular paralysis.
Multiple sclerosis - Chronic neurologic disorder marked by destruction of the myelin sheath on neuronal axons in the CNS and replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue
Parkinson disease Degeneration of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain; leads to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement
Meningitis - inflammation of the meninges
Tourette Syndrome Neurologic disorder characterized by multiple facial and other body tics.
Epilepsy Brain disorder marked by recurrent attacks (seizures) of abnormal nervous impulses.
Cerebral contusion Bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head; neurologic disorder persists longer than 24 hours
Cerebral concussion Temporary brain dysfunction ( brief loss of consciousness) after injury; usually clearing within 24 hours
Cerebral palsy Partial paralysis and muscular coordination caused by loss of oxygen or blood flow to the cerebrum during pregnancy or in the perinatal period
Bell palsy Unilateral paralysis of the face caused by a disorder of the facial nerve
Myasthenia gravis Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles.
Hypothalamus Portion of the brain beneath the thalamus; controls sleep, appetite, body temperature, and secretions from the pituitary gland
Medulla oblongata Lower part of the brain, closest to the spinal cord; controls breathing heartbeat, and size of blood vessels.
Cerebrum largest part of the brain; responsible for voluntary muscular activity, vision, speech, taste, hearing thought and memory among other functions
Cerebellum part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance
Brainstem lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord
Pons Part of the brainstem anterior to the cerebellum, between the medulla and the rest of the brain. The pons connects the upper and lower portions of the brain
Thalamus main relay center of the brain; located in the central region or diencephalon of the brain
Gait manner of walking
CNS system central nervous system – brain and spinal cord
Sympathetic Autonomic nerves that activate responses in times of stress; heartbeat, respiration, and blood pressure area affected
Parasympathetic Involuntary, autonomic nerves that regulate normal body functions, such as heart rate, breathing, and the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract
Peripheral nervous system nerves outside the brain and the spinal cord; cranial, spinal, and autonomic nerves.
Created by: princesanvegas