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Chapter14 Rubenstein

AP Human Geography - Vocab - 14

QuestionAnswer
Resource A substance in the environment that is useful to people.
Animate Power Power supplied by people or animals.
Inanimate Power Power generated by machines
Biomass Fuel Wood, plant material, and animal waste.
Fossil Fuel Residue of plants and animals that were buried over millions of years ago.
Renewable Energy Resource that is replaced continually.
Nonrenewable Energy Forms so slowly it is considered nonrenewable.
Proven Reserve Amount of energy remaining in deposits that have been discovered.
Potential Reserve Energy in undiscovered deposits that are thought to exist.
Fission Process by which nuclear power is produced.
Radioactive Waste A product of all nuclear reactions.
Breeder reactor Turns uranium into a renewable resource.
Ferrous Refers to iron ore and other alloys.
Nonferrous Metals used to make products other than iron or steel.
Pollution When more waste is added than a resource can accommodate.
Air pollution Concentration of trace substances at a greater level than occurs in average air.
Greenhouse effect Causes increase in Earth's temperature.
Ozone Absorbs dangerous UV rays form the Sun.
Chlorofluorocarbons Pollution that threatens Earth's ozone layer.
Acid deposition When tiny drops of acid form.
Acid Precipitation When acid falls to Earth.
Photochemical Smog Causes respiratory problems and stinging of the eyes.
Biochemical Oxygen Command Oxygen consumed by decomposing organic waste.
Sanitary landfill Most common strategy for disposal of solid waste in the U.S.
Passive Solar Energy Systems Capture energy without special devices.
Photovoltaic Cells Convert light energy to electrical energy.
Hydroelectric Power Using moving water to generate electricity.
Geothermal electricity Energy derived from the heat of the earth.
Fusion Fusing of hydrogen atoms to form helium.
Recycling Reuse of unwanted material.
Conservation Sustainable use and management of natural resources such as wildlife, water, air, and Earth deposits to meet human needs.
Preservation Maintenance of resources in their present condition.
Biodiversity Refers to the variety of species across Earth as a whole or in a specific place.
Created by: rbaxley