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Medical Terminology


Medical TermMeaning
osteoarthritis inflammation of the bone and joint
arthrodesis fixation of the joint by fusion
chondritis inflammation of the cartilage
myelitis inflammation of the bone marrow or spine
myospasm involuntary contraction of a muscle
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon
intercostal space space between the ribs
dermatophytosis fungus condition of the skin
onychectomy surgical removal of the nail of a finger or toe
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
laryngoscopy examination of the interior of the larynx
tracheitis inflammation of the upper windpipe or trachea
bronchitis inflammation of the lower windpipe or bronchus
pulmonary concerning or involving the lungs
pneumonia inflammation of the lungs
pneumonemia the presence of air or gas in the blood vessel
pneodynamics the mechanism of breathing
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
glossitis inflammation of the tongue
lingual pertaining to the tongue
dentalgia pain in the tooth
cheiloplasty surgical repair of a defect of the lip
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
gastrectomy surgical removal of the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestine
duodenal ulcer an ulcer located in the duodenum or first part of the small intestine
jejunectomy excision of a part of or all of the jejunum or second part of the small intestine
lleitis inflammation of the ileum or third part of the small intestine
colostomy incision is made into the colon
proctitis inflammation of the rectum or anus
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder
celiectomy complete or partial removal of an organ of the abdomen
laparotomy an incision is made into the abdominal wall
cardiovascular system system including the blood vessels and the heart
angiogram series of x-ray film of a blood vessel
phlebectomy the surgical removal of a vein
arteriosclerosis hardening of the artery
thromboplebitis inflammation of the vein with a clot of blood
erythrocyte red blood cell
hematoma a tumor filled with blood
lymphocyte lymph cell
splenectomy excision of the spleen
phagocyte a cell that eats microorganisms
cytology the study of cells
hematology the study of blood
polyphagia excessive eating
acromegaly a disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the extremities
glucosuria sugar in the urine
adenectomy surgical removal of a gland
acrodermatitis inflammation of the skin of the extremities
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
psychology the science that studies the mind
pyromania fire madness
hydrophobia fear of water
anesthesia without feeling or sensation
nephrectomy removal of a kidney
ureteritis inflammation of the ureter
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
orchiopexy fixation of the testes
urophobia fear of passing urine
nephrolithiasis formation of renal stones
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
oophorectomy removal of an ovary
salpingitis inflammation of a tube
otoplasty plastic repair of the ear
tympanoplasty plastic repair of the eardrum
opthalmology science dealing with the eye and its diseases
optometrist a person who is trained to examine eyes in order to determine the presence of eye problems
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
dacryocystitis inflammation of the tear sac
pyogenic producing pus
lipoma a tumor composed of fat
afebrile without fever
mycosis any disease caused by a fungus
necropsy autopsy or scientific inspection of a dead body
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
dia- through, complete
-lysis breakdown, loosening
ec- out or outside
ect- out or outside
anomaly irregular
congenital born with
-sis state or condition
supra- above
hemolytic disease mother's immune system produces antigens against fetus' antigen
antibodies againist main structure or substance