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Stack #51349

Medical Word Elements

a-, an- without, not
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal glands
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
angi/o vessel (usually blood or lymph)
anter/o front, anterior
ante- before
anti- against
-ar pertaining to
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
-ary pertaining to
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchus
calc/o calcium
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
-cele hernia, swelling
-centesis surgical puncture
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (brain)
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chondr/o cartilage
-cide kill, destroy
col/o colon
colp/o vagina
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder
-cyte/byto cell
dacry/o tear, lacrimal
dent/o teeth
-derma skin
derm/o skin
dia- through
dipl/o double
-dipsia thirst
-dynia pain
dys- bad, painful, difficult
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy excision, removal
-edema swelling
electr/o electric
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines (usually small)
epi- above, upon
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
eu- good, normal
gastr/o stomach
-gen producing, forming
-genesis producing, forming
gero- aged
gingiv/o gum
-gloss tongue
gluc/o sugar, glucose
glyc/o sugar, glucose
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-gravida pregnant woman
gynec/o woman, female
hemangi/o blood vessel
hemat/o blood
hemi- half, partly
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
hyper- excessive
hypo- under, below
hyster/ uterus
-ia condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ic pertaining to
in- not
inter- between
intra- within
irid/o iris
-ism condition
iso- equal
-itis inflammation
kerat/o cornea
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone, calculus
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
lumb/o lower back
lymph/o lymph
-lysis separation, destruction, loosening
lyso- dissolving
macro- large
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
maxilla/o jaw
megal/o enlargement
melan/o black
meningi/o meninges
-meter measure, instrument for measuring
metr/o uterus
micro- small
muc/o mucus
myc/o fungus
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
my/o muscle
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
nas/o nose
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
noct/o night
odont/o teeth
-ole small
-oma tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision
orchid/o testis
or/o mouth
orth/o straight
-osis abnormal condition
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
para- near, beside, around
patell/o knee cap
-pathy disease
pedia child
pedo foot
pelv/o pelvis
-penia decrease
-pepsia digestion
peri- around
-phagia swallow, eating
phalang/o phalanges (finger and toe)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
-phasia speech
phleb/o vein
-phobia fear
-plasia formation, growth
-plasm formation, growth
plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung air
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
poster/o back (of body), behind, posterior
pre- before
proct/o anus, rectum
-ptosis prolapse, falling, dropping
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
quadri- four
radi/o x-rays, radiation
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retin/o retina
rhin/o nose
roentgen/o x-rays
-rrhage bursting forth (of)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
sacr/o sacrum
sclera/o hardening, sclera (white of the eye)
-scope instrument to view
-scopy visual examination
spermat/o sperm
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
-stasis at a stand still
-stenosis stricture, narrow
stomat/o mouth
-stomy forming a new opening or mouth
sub- under, below
supra- above
tachy- rapid
-therapy treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest
thromb/o blood clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision, cut into
tox/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy crushing
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
-ule small
-uria urine, urination
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vascul/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
vesic/o bladder
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
vulvo vulva
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
Created by: ltdinh