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anatomical terms ph

brief discription of anotmical terms

if the client was laying on their back what position would this be called supine
if the client was laying face down they would be in a what position prone
a line down the centre of the body is known as the medial line
towards the front surface of the body anterior
towards the back surface of the body posterior
the palm of the hand palmar surface
the sole of the foot plantar surface
above or top surface superior
below or bottom surface inferior
closer to the root of the limb proximal
further away from the root of the limb distal
towards the middle line of the body medial
away from the middle line of the body lateral
close to or closer to the bodies surface superficial
the palm of the hand palmer surface
further away from the root of the limb distal
away from the surface of the body deep
bending a joint flexion
straightening a limb extension
moving a limb away from the midline of the body abduction
moving a limb towards the middle line of the body adduction
side bending of the trunk lateral flexion
twisting of the trunk or limb rotation
sweeping a limb through a cone shape in space that incorporates flexion extension abduction adduction circumduction
twisting the forarm so that the palms turn upwards supination
turning the forearm so that the palms turn downwards pronation
bending the top of the foot dorsiflexion
bending down the sole of the foot planter flexion
turning the foot so that the sole faces inwards inversion
turning the foot so that the sole faces outwards eversion
the central axis of the body consists of the bones of the skull the neck and the trunk axial skeleton
the appendages the limbs appendicular skeleton
Created by: philippa.higgins



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