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CLS 308 - Hepatitis

List the types of Hepatitis A - Infectious B, D - Serum C - Parenterally transmitted E - Enterically transmitted G - Others
What are the causes of viral hepatitis? Hep A, B, C, D, E, and G Cytomegalovirus Epstein-Barr Herpes Simplex
Clinical manifestations of Hepatitis Flu-like symptoms, Fatigue, Fever, Myalgia, Loss of appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Hepatomegaly
Lab findings of Hepatitis Dark urine, light feces, Increased bilirubin, Liver enzymes increased
How is Hepatitis A transmitted? Fecal-Oral route
What is the time frame of a Hepatitis A infection? Incubation period of 28 days. Abrupt onset. 1-8 weeks. Resolves itself. No chronic state
What is the treatment of Hep. A? Gamma Globulins given to immuno compromised patients exposed to Hep. A.
What are the preventions of Hep. A? Proper personal hygiene, Proper sanitation, and Vaccination.
How is Hep. E transmitted? Fecal-oral route. RNA virus.
List the tests used to diagnose Hep. E. Anti-HEV IgM Anti-HEV IgG HEV RNA ELISA Western Blot Fluorescent antibody blocking assay HEV RNA - PCR
How is Hepatitis B transmitted? Parenteral Route
What are the clinical manifestations of Hep. B? Chronic HBV, Cirrhosis, Hepatocellular carcinoma. May be asymptomatic.
What are the markers used in Hep. B? HBsAG - Hep B Surface Ag (1st active) HBeAG - Hep B Envelope Ag (2nd) IgM anti-HBc - Hep B core Anti-HBe Anti-HBs
How can Hepatitis B be prevented? Prevent transmission Vaccinations
What is the occurrence of infection of Hepatitis D? Hep D is parenterally transmitted with the presence of Hep B.
How is Hep C transmitted? Unprotected sex, Blood/body fluid exposure, IV drug use.
What are the clinical manifestations of Hep C? Hepatocellular carcinoma chronic infection with cirrhosis immune complexes.
What are the outcomes of Hepatitis C? Most continue the infection, becoming chronically ill or a carrier.
What are the lab findings of Hep C? Anti-HCV
How is Hepatitis G transmitted? Blood borne
What tests are used in determining Hep G? ELISA, HGV RNA, and Western blot
Created by: ashley_west16