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Cardiovascular Exam

2010 Review

What gas enters the blood through the lungs? Oxygen
What are the smallest of the blood vessels called? Capillaries
Irregular, rapid contractions of the atria and ventricles with rates as high as 350 beats per minute are called? Fibrillation
Gas that is released from the body cells and exhaled from the lungs? Carbon Dioxide
Name the inner lining of the heart? Endocardium
The pacemaker of the hear is called? SA Node
The specialized muscle fibers that extend as part of the conduction system of the heart into the walls of the ventricles to stimulate them to contract? Bundle of His
The Lubb - Dubb sound signifies/means: Closure of the heart valves
High LDL may lead to what disease? Arthersclerosis
Only artery that carries blood deficient in oxygen is? Pulmonary Artery
The only vein that carries oxygen rich blood is? Pulmonary Vein
In diastole the ventricle walls do what? Relax and blood flows into the heart from the vena cava and pulmonary veins from the lungs.
What valve is found between the left upper and lower heart chambers? Mitral Valve
What carries oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle itself? Coronary Arteries
What valve is located between the lower right heart chamber and the blood vessel carring blood to the lungs? Pulmonary Valve
What is considered indicative of normal sinus rhythm? 60 - 100 BPM
What is the term meaning "abnormal heart sound"? Murmur
What is the disease that causes recurrent episodes of Cyanosis and Pallor in the fingers and toes? Reynaud's Disease
A tube is introduced into and guided into the hear to detect blood flow and pressures - it is what procedure? Cardiac Catherization
Contraction phase of the heartbeat? Systole
Name for the saclike membrane surrounding the heart? Pericardium
Sensitive tissure in the right atrium that begins the electrical wave leading to a heartbeat and is called the "pacemaker of the heart"? SA Node
Name of the blood vessels branching off the Aorta to carry newly oxygenated blood to the heart muscle? Coronary Artery
Term meaning "disease of the heart muscle" specifically? Cardiomyopathy
Local widening of an artery leading to weakness of the wall and eventual rupture of the vessel is untreated is? Aneurysm
What can ischemia eventually lead to? State 3 outcomes: Necrosis, MI, and Death
What is angina? Chest Pain
What is fibrillation and is it considered a cardiac arrhythmia? Irregular, rapid contractions of the atria and ventricles with rates as high as 350 BPM and yes.
A deep vein thrombosis is? A blood clot in the veins of lower legs.
What does "patent" mean? Open
What is the cause of "essential hypertension"? No cause
What is Digoxin? Drug that slows the heartrate but makes every heartbeat forceful.
CK, Troponin - T and I, LD, AST and SGOT are? Enzymes
An echocardiogram is? Echoes from high frequency soundwaves used to produce images of the heart.
Name for the procedure to remove plaque from the lining of an artery is? Endarterectomy
What is the name for a 24 hour EKG done on a pt during activities and during sleep? Holter Monitor
Name for the procedure in which brief electrical discharges are sent across the patient's chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia? Cardioversion
Created by: 804745082



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