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skin & sense organs

chps. 16 & 17

QuestionAnswer
epidermis outer layer containing keratin
dermis dense, fibrous connective tissue layer containing collagen
subcutaneous layer thick, fat containing tissue
basal layer deepest layer
stratum corneum most superficial layer of the epidermis
melanocytes brown-black pigment cells
diaphoresis condition of sweating
adipose fat tissue
albinism pt white skin
causalgia burnng pain
electrocautery an instrument used to burn the skin using electricity
cutaneous epidermis and dermis layers of skin
subcutaneous pt below the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the dermis
dermatoplasty pt repair of the dermis
dermatologist specialist of skin
dermabrasion surgical removal of the dermis
epidermolysis loosening of the epidermis
erythema redness of the skin
anhidrosis condition of no sweat
ichthyosis cond. of dry scaly skin
keratosis abnormal condition of hard skin
leukoplakia white plaque
lipoma tumor of fat
liposuction to suction out fat
melanocyte black cell
melanoma malignant skin tumor
mycosis condition of fungus
onycholysis separation of the nail plate from the nail bed
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nails
paronychia pt near nail
dermatophytosis fungal infections due to plants
pilosebaceous hair follicle that secretes sebum
pyoderma pus of dermis
rhytidectomy removal of a wrinkle
seborrhea excessive secretion from a sebaceous gland
steatoma tumor of fat
trichomycosis disease of hair fungus
subungual beneath the nail
xanthoma yellow tumor
xeroderma dry skin
crust collection of dried serum and cellular debris
cyst thick-walled closed sac containing fluid
fissure groove or crack-like sore
nodule solid, round or elevated lesion 1 cm or ore in diameter
polyp growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane
ulcer open sore on the skin or mucous membrane
alopecia absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
acne chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.
burns injury to tissue caused by heat
cellulitis diffuse acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain and swelling.
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (butterfly) chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in skin, joints and internal organs.
vitiligo loss of pigment in areas of the skin.
basal cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
squamous cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cell of the epidermis
malignant melanoma cancerous growth composed of melanocytes.
bacterial analyses samples of skin are examined for presence of microorganisms.
skin test substances are injected intradermally or applied to the skin, and results are observed.
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
blepharoptosis drooping of the eyelid
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva (aka pinkeye)
dacryoadenitis inflammation of the tear duct
iridectomy surgical removal of the iris.
lacrimation formation of tears
ophthalmoplegia paralysis of the eye muscle
optometrist one who measures the eye to prescribe lenses
aphakia no lens
scleritis inflammation of the sclera
uveitis inflammation of the uvea
amblyopia dull vision
diplopia double vision
glaucoma disease of the eye marked by interoccular pressure
photophobia sensitivity to light
xerophthalmia condition of dry eye
hemianopsia half vision
astigmatism defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
hyperopia farsightedness
myopia nearsightedness
cataract clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision
diabetic retinopathy retinal effects of diabetes mellitus include microaneurysms, hemorrhages, dilation of retinal veins and neovascularization
glaucoma increased intraoccular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of vision.
retinal detachment two layers of the retina separate from each other.
LASIK reshaping of the cornea using an excimer laser to correct errors of refraction.
cochlear pt cochlea
myringotomy incision of eardrum
myringitis inflammation of eardrum
otopyorrhea discharge of pus in ear
tympanoplasty surg. repair of eardrum
prebycusis hearing loss due to age.
macrotia condition of large ears.
deafness loss of the ability to hear
vertigo sensation of irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects.
cochlear implant procedure surgical insertion of a device that allows sensorineural hearing impaired persons to understand speech.
Created by: bspitzzeri
 

 



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