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ABO bloodgroups a system of grouping blood based on the presence or absence of two antigens
Albumin Small plama proteins that are the primary components of osmotic pressure in the bloodstream
Anemia condition in which there are too few erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Colloid Osmotic Pressure the pressure resulting from water moving toward an area of a higher concentration of a solute.
Deoxyhemoglobin oxygen depleted blood
erythropoietin hormone secreted by the kidney and liver that controls rate of erythrocyte production
Fibrin insoluble threads of protein that form a meshwork at sites of injury that entrap blood cells and platelets forming blood clots
fibrinogen large proteins synthesized in liver that functions in blood coagulation
Globulin 3 proteins synthesized in the liver and lymphatic tissue and are important in the transport of lipids and fat-soluble vitamins and immunity
Hematocrit proportion of blood volume that is occupied by red blood cells. 48% for men. 38% for women
Hemoglobin oxygen carrying portion of erythrocyte
carbaminohemoglobin CO2 rich blood
leukocytes neutophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, lymphocytes
Thrombocytes platelets
Plasma clear, straw-colored liquid containing water, amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, hormones, exectrolytes, cellular wastes.
Electrolytes sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate, sulfate
Heme a component of the erythrocyte, located in the lungs
Hormones regulate most body functions.
Colloid Osmotic Pressure Pressure is drawn into the capillaries. The presence of large proteins in the capillaries creates an area of lower fluid concentration than in the interstitial spaces.
Hyrdrostatic Pressure The pressure in the capillaries resulting from the action of the heart.
Erythrocyte Live for 120 days. Damaged cells are destroyed in the liver by macrophage.
Erythropoietin Released during periods of low oxygen. Stimulates Erythrocyte production.
Iron major component of hemoglobin.
Bilirubin orange pigment resulting from the breakdown of hemoglobin. Jaundice is an excess of this in the blood stream.
eosinophils may increase during parasitic infections
Neutrophils may increase in bacterial infections
thrombocyte platelet.
Alpha and Beta Globulins Synthesized in the liver. Transport lipids and fat-soluble vitamins.
Gamma Globulins Produced in lymphatic tissues. Type of antibody.
Fibrinogens Largest of proteins. Synthesized in liver. Functions in blood coagulation.
Simple sugars stored as glycogen or fat. basic resource for cell energy.
Lipoproteins proteins and liquids combined. Necessary to be transported through blood
LDL low density lipoproteins. major cholesterol-carrying lipoproteins.
HDL High density lipoproteins. Low proportion of lipids to proteins.
Hemostasis The stoppage of bleeding in a damaged blood vessel
Coagulation Prothrombin is converted to thrombin. Thrombin breaks fibrinogen into fibrin stands. Fibrin forms mesh. Platelets and erythrocytes caught in mesh form clot.
Created by: paulgrant



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