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Chapter 2 Definition

Chapter 2: Reading the Map - Test

Anatomical position a human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel & arms hanging at the side, and with palms facing forward
Prone laying face downward on your stomach
Supine laying face upward on your back
Fowler's sitting in bed with head elevated to a 45-60 degrees
Plane imaginary line that seperates the body into separate sections
Transverse plane divides the body in inferior & superior sections (top & bottom)
Top Superior & Cranial
Bottom Inferior & Caudal
Midsagittal plane divides the body into right & left sides
Medial near the midline
Lateral far from the midline
Midsagittal divide the body into equal right & left sides
Sagittal cuts the body into right & left sides lengthwise (unequal)
Coronal plane or frontal plane - divides the body into front & back
Anterior (ventral) towards the front
Posterior (dorsal) towards the back (dorsal fin is on the fishes back)
Proximal body parts close to a point of reference of the body
Distal the body parts are furthur away from a point of reference
External the outside
Internal on the inside
Superficial at the body surface
Deep under the body surface
Central locations around center of body
Peripheral surrounding or outer regions - extremities (arms & legs or nerves coming from central nervous system)
2 large body cavities Dorsal cavity & Ventral cavity
Dorsal cavity on the back - made up of Cranial cavity & Spinal cavity
Cranial cavity houses the brain
Spinal cavity houses the spine
Ventral cavity on the front - made up of Thoracic cavity & Abdominopelvic cavity
Thoracic cavity top (chest) - heart, lungs, & large blood vessels
Abdominopelvic cavity bottom - made up of the abdominal cavity & pelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity digestive organs: stomach, small part of intestines, liver, gall bladder, spleen, and pancreas
Pelvic cavity urinary & reproduction organs, and large part of the intestines
The diaphragm seperates the abdominal & pelvic cavities
# of divisions of the abdominal region nine
Epigastric region above the stomach (epi = above)
Hypochondriac region below the ribs - left & right sides (hypo = below - chondriac = ribs)
Umbilical region bellybutton
Lumbar region lower back - left & right sides
Hypogastric region below the stomach
Inguinal (iliac) region where the thigh meets the body trunk - referring to the groin - left & right sides
4 quadrants RLQ, LLQ, RUQ, LUQ
Right lower quadrant all digestive organs
Left lower quadrant all digestive organs
Right upper quadrant Liver
Left upper quadrant Stomach
axillary armpit
brachial upper arm
buccal cheek
carpal wrist
cervical neck
digital fingers
femoral upper inner thigh
gluteal buttocks
lumbar lower back
nasal nose
oral mouth
patellar knee
pedal foot
plantar sole of foot
pubic genital region
sternal breastbone area
thoracic chest
Created by: jadens_momma