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AP Euro Ch. 4 Terms

Test Terms

The Restoration England -1660; Charles II/monarchy comes back after collapse of Commonwealth and the Protectorate; end of Cromwell.
Ship Money England; Charles I; inland taxed for coasts; unpopular; 1634; w/o Parliament consent
Sun King Louis XIV; absolutism; Bourbon; 1640-1715; Versaille; France; King of Navarre
Gustavus Adolphus King of Sweden 1611-1632; father of modern warfare; Thirty Years War; "Lutheran Champion"; "Golden King"; "Lion of the North"; because led the nation to military win in 30yrs war.
"Window to the West" Peter the Great who founded St. Petersburg in 1703; attempt to Westernize Russia;
Maria Theresa Pragmatic Sanction= cause of Austrian Succession; Austria Habsburg; tried to imitate Versaille; ruled after Charles died in 1740
Gunpowder Plot Guy Fawkes; Engdland; tried to blow up the House of Commons during the State Opening of Parliment; attempt to kill James I; led by Sir Robert Catesby; plotter (English Catholics) were executed; 1605
Cavaliers Royalists; House of Lords; supported Charles I
Roundheads Puritans; House of Commons; supported Cromwell and Parliament
Pride's Purge 1648; England; Puritans overthrow Charles I (religious rights); Rump Parliament voted to excute Charles 68-67 ---------------or----------------- troops under Colonel Pride removed long parliament -> Ppl did not support New Model Army; Rump Parliament
Versailles capital of France 1682-1789; Louis XIV; grandeur; many treaties made here.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes France- 1685; Louis XIV; religious intolerence; Protestantism declared illegal; France left w/o many of their skilled people.
Vermeer Dutch; 1609 center of European finance; standardizing European currency; similar to Medici during the Renaissence; first modern bank.
War of Spanish Succession 1701-1713; Louis XIV and Hapsburg; battle 4 Spanish throne; Peace of Utrecht; reason= possible unification of France and Spain under Bourbon monarch; involved= Spain, HRE, England, France; result= King Philip of Spain and removed French line of succession
Stuarts English; kings after Tudors; pro-Catholic; started in 12th century when James I became King of England and Scotland.
JCOCJ James I -> Charles I -> Oliver Cromwell -> Charles II -> James II; (rulers from Stuart House)
William and Mary ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland 1689-1702; Glorious Revolution; William of Orange and Mary, daughter of James II; signed English Bill of Rights; co-opperated with Parliament.
Diggers and Levellers group of Protestant Agraian Communists; leaders are Gierrard Winstanley; formally known as True Levellers; called Diggers b/c lifestyle was rural based.
Poussin Franch painter (Louis XIV); liked classical style; first painter to the King of France.
Fronde France; noble revolts against Cardinal Mazarin; began 1635
"L'etat, c'est moi" "I am the state" -Louis XIV
Colbert France; reformed economy; liked= trade of manufactored goods, growth of industry, and capitalism; disliked= export of foods.
Peace of Utrecht 1713; ended War of Spanish Succession; stated that French couldn't have Spain.
Habsburgs royal family; Austrians
Hohenzollerns ruled Brandenburg since 1415
Prussia militarism; Great Elector (Fredrick William)
Peter Romanov Peter the Great (1682); struggle between him and his brother and sister.
Time between the English Monarchs Interregnum Period led by the Commonwealth and Cromwell
Popery the doctrines, practices, and rituals of Roman Catholics
Created by: trincy