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anatomy = the parts and structure of an organism
physiology = the study of the functions of the different parts of an organism
Anatomic and physiological levels include atoms/molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems and organism
Tissues include connective, epithelial, nervous and muscle
Organ systems include integument, skeletal, muscular,nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive
The skin, brain, heart, lungs and liver are examples of... organs
How many organs are there in the human body? About 78
the tissue anatomic and physiologic level involves study of... tissues
groups of tissues are the main subject of study at what anatomic and physiologic level? organ
Eukaryote refers to... a cell with a plasma membrane that encloses organelles
the nucleus of a cell... contains the genetic material, principally DNA in animal cells
the nucleolus of a cell... is where ribosomal RNA (r-RNA) is transcribed and assembled with a cell
the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of a cell... is where lipids (fats) are synthesized
the rough endoplasmic reticulum of a cell... is where proteins are synthesized
mitochondria... are cellular "powerhouses" generating high-energy adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by "burning" sugars
the lysosomes of a cell... contain cellular products that are toxic to the interior organelles of cells
the Golgi apparatus... packages large molecules by creating intracellular membranes around them
the plasma membrane of a cell... is a bi-layer "sandwich" of hydrophilic phosphate "detergent" on the outside and hydrophobic lipid (fat) on the inside.
microtubles... provide intracellular structural support and transport small molecules within the cell
centrioles... are a para-nuclear organelle that plays a part in chromosomal division during cell mitosis and miosis
being "alive" involves... boundary maintenance, movement, responsiveness, digestion, metabolism, excretion, reproduction, growth and homeostasis
synthesis, decomposition and energy-exchange refer to... chemical reactions associated with living cells
use of external landmarks to define specific "areas of interest" is called surface anatomy
umbilical, gastric, hypochondriac, lumbar and iliac refer collectively to nine (9) abdominal areas of interest
C1-8, T1-12, L1-5, and S1-5 refer to topographical areas of sensation
areas of referred pain... are surface areas of interest that reflect interior organ sensations
McBurney's point... refers to a surgical incision area of interest
transverse plane = horizontal plane
saggital plane = vertical median (back-to-front or front-to-back) plane
coronal plane = vertical lateral (side-to-side) plane
"left" and "right" refer to... the patient or client's left and right
medial means towards the midline
lateral means away from the midline
anterior means in front of, or towards the head
posterior means behind, or towards the feet
proximal means closer to the part or center midline
distal means further from the part or center midline
ventral means towards the front
dorsal means towards the back
superior means above, or towards the top or head
inferior means below, or away from the top or head
a person standing with feet spread slightly apart, face forward, palms facing forward, arms at rest at the sides is said to be in the _____ position anatomic
the dorsal body cavity includes the cranial and vertebral cavities including brain and spinal cord
the ventral body cavity includes the thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities and their organs
"reaching for the sky" represents whole body... extension
muscularly pulling one's toes up towards the knee represents foot... flexion
muscularly pulling one's hand and fingers towards the dorsum of the arm represents hand and wrist... extension
foot flexion results in extension of the... ankle
hand flexion results in flexion of the... wrist
abduction means movement away from the body
adduction means movement towards the body
a person lying face down/back up on his or her stomach would be said to be... prone
a person lying face up/back down on his or her back would be said to be... supine
touching one finger to another or one toe to another is called opposition
turning the thumb or big toe inwards is called inversion
turning the thumb or big toe outwards is called eversion
the "standard anatomic position" of a patient or client is always face... -to-face
Created by: drjanik



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