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CCSD SS6 Benchmark I

6th Grade Social Studies Benchmark I TEST

1. What physical features of Europe do I need to know? Alps, Pyrenees, and Ural mountains. The Mediterranean Sea. The Atlantic Ocean. The Danube and Rhine rivers.
2. What is transboundary pollution, and what can it do? Pollution that spreads from one country to another and can cause acid rain which damages the environment.
3. What body of land in Europe would be the most easy to defend and why? The UK, because it is an island and the English Channel is narrow enemy troops would have a hard time surprising British troops, and Britain would be able to defend itself from many sides.
4. Why is Russia unique in terms of its size? It is the largest country in the world.
5. What does having a high standard of living mean? People have enough money to afford food, housing, transportation, education, and health care.
6. What can a country with a high standard of living afford to do? Provide foreign aid ($) to less developed countries and be concerned about the impact economic growth has on the environment.
7. Why did European countries compete for control of colonies all over the world? The more colonies they controlled the more natural resources they controlled.
8. Which European navigator wanted to find a route to Asia to find spices, gold, silver, and spread Christianity? Prince Henry the Navigator.
9. What is empire building? Conquering as many colonies as possible; imperialism.
10. Why were Russians so dissatisfied with their government under the leadership of czars? Big gaps or differences between social and economic classes in Russia.
11. What were 3 of the major events leading to WWI (include the immediate cause-the spark)? -*The assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary -Nationalism -Industrialization
12. What are the major parts that define culture? Religion, language, customs, traditions, beliefs, food, buildings (architecture) and landmarks.
13. How was Hitler able to rise to power in Germany? Germany's economy was in ruins after WWI and people were very dissatisfied with the Treaty of Versailles.
14. What political party supported Hitler? The Nazi party.
15. Why is Chernobyl, Ukraine famous? It was the site of a deadly radiation leak at a nuclear power plant.
16. What type of economic activity is likely to occur in a city located near water? Trade and fishing.
17. What are three similarities of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? They are all monotheistic (believe in one God), believe in the covenant between God and Abraham, believe Jerusalem is a holy city. Note: the traditions of these three faiths are very different.
18. What do European people have in common because their countries are close together in Europe? European's often speak more than one language.
19. What was the Holocaust? When Hitler and the Nazis put people in concentration camps and ultimately killed about 6 million Jews.
20. What was the Iron Curtain? A name given to a political barrier that isolated people in communist countries from people in democratic countries.
21. What was the period of time after WWII called, and what was unique about the war? The Cold War, and there wasn't ever any physical fighting, but there were smaller wars that occurred as a result of the differences.
22. What was the Berlin Wall. When was it torn down, and why was this considered a turning point? The Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin in Germany. After the fall of the wall in 1989 people could move freely between East and West Germany.
23. What were 3 of the major events leading to WWII (include the immediate cause)? -*Hitler invaded Poland -The Treaty of Versailles made Germans very angry -The Great Depression
24. When did the Great Depression occur and which European country did it hit the hardest and why? After WWI, and Germany was most affected by it because it was in more debt because of the Treaty of Versailles.
25. What does a high literacy rate lead to? A high standard of living.
Created by: iTeacher