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skeletal system

skull CRANI/O
rib COST/O
spinal cord, bone marrow MYEL/O
bone OSTE/O
vertebrae, vertebral column, back bone SPONDYL/O
surrounding PERI
noun ending -UM
joint ARTHR/0
crooked, bent, stiff ANKYL/O
cartilage CHONDR/O
small opening POR
abnormal condition or disease OSIS
Cutting, surgical incision OTOMY
dense, hard, strong bone forms protective outer layers of the bones COMPACT BONE
lighter not as strong. Has red bone marrow within SPONGY BONE
Tough fibrous tissue forms the outermost covering of the bone PERIOSTEUM
Manufactures red blood cells RED BONE MARROW
Union between two or more bones JOINTS
This joint allows a variety of motions SYNOVIAL JOINT
Band of fibrous tissue connects one bone to another bone LIGAMENT
Medical term for cheekbone ZYGOMATIC
First set of seven vertebrae that form the neck CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
Make up the second set of 12 vertebrae which form the outward curve of the spine THORACIC VERTEBRAE
Make up the third set of five vertebrae and form the inward curve of the lower spine. LUMBAR VERTEBRAE
Medical term for tailbone COCCYX
Stiffness of joints ARTHROSCLEROSIS
Wear and tear arthritis OSTEOARTHRITIS
Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints are attacked RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
A type of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae ANKYLOSING SPONDLITIS
Congenital defect when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it. SPINA BIFIDA
Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine KYPHOSIS
Abnormal increase in the forward curve of the lumbar spine. LORDOSIS
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. SCOLIOSIS
A type of cancer that occurs in the blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow. MYELOMA
Thinner than average bone density in a young person. OSTEOPENIA
Marked loss of bone density and increase in bone porosity OSTEOPOROSIS
A bone is broken, but there is no open wound in the skin. CLOSED FRACTURE
Bone is broken and there is an opening in the skin. COMPOUND FRACTURE
Bone is splintered or crushed into small pieces. COMMINUTED FRACTURE
Bone is bent and only partially broken. GREENSTICK FRACTURE
Bone is broken at an angle across the bone. OBLIQUE FRACTURE
Bone has been twisted apart. SPIRAL FRACTURE
Small crack in the bone from chronic excessive impact or overuse STRESS FRACTURE
Bone is pressed together on itself. COMPRESSION FRACTURE
Fat cells become lodged and block the blood vessel. FAT EMBOLUS
Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint. ARTHROSCOPY
Surgical repair of a damaged joint and has come to mean the surgical placement of an artificial joint. ARTHROPLASTY
Surgical incision or sectioning of a bone. OSTEOTOMY
Pins are placed through soft tissue and bone so that an appliance can be used to hold the pieces of bone in place during healing EXTERNAL FIXATION
Plates and pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place. INTERNAL FIXATION
Test to diagnose loss of or changes in bone density. BONE DENSITY TESTING
Substitute for a missing body part. PROSTHESIS
Give an example of a ball and socket joint HIP OR SHOULDER
Give an example of a hinge joint ELBOW OR KNEE
Created by: cudawn



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