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Lab 5

Vertebral Column & Upper Extremities

vertebrae bones of vertebral column
intervertebral discs cushion vertebrae and absorb shocks
vertebral column body's axial support
body (centrum) rounded central part of vertebra
vertebral arch composed of pedicles, laminae, and a spinous process
pedicles footlike parts of vertebra
laminae part of vertebral arch
vertebral foramen opening of vertebra
transverse process lateral projections from vertebra
spinous process single medial and posterior projection from vertebral arch
superior and inferior articular processes paired projections lateral to vertebral foramen
cervical vertebrae 7 bones of neck
atlas c1
axis c2
odontoid process (dens) vertical process on axis
transverse foramen only on cervical vertebrae
thoracic vertebrae second 12 vertebrae
costal facets side of thoracic vertebrae to receive ribs
lumbar vertebrae 5 large vertebrae in lower spine
sacrum 5 fused bones
coccyx tailbone
bony thorax sternum, ribs and thoracic vertebrae
sternum breastbone
manubrium top of sternum
sternum body bulk of sternum
xiphoid process inferior end of sternum
jugular notch top part of sternum
sternal angle line between manubrium and body on sternum
xiphisternal joint point where sternum and xiphoid process fuse
ribs 12 pairs form walls of bony thorax
true ribs first 7
false ribs next 5 ribs
floating ribs 2 pairs of ribs that don't attach to sternum
vertebrochondral ribs 3 false ribs connected to costal cartilage
costal cartilage bars of hyaline cartilage supporting ribs
pectoral girdle clavicle and scapula
clavicle collarbone
scapulae shoulder blades
spine sticks out from scapula
acromion shoulder
coracoid process beaklike part of scapula
superior border thin border on top of scapula
medial border border on medial side of scapula
lateral border border on lateral side of scapula
subscapular fossa nerve passageway
supraspinous fossa smaller and on humeral end
infraspinous fossa large fossa on scapula
glenoid cavity shallow socket for humerus
humerus upper arm bone
head of humerus fits into glenoid cavity of scapula
anatomic neck promixal end of humerus
surgical neck inferior to anatomic neck
greater tubercle large groove on humerus
lesser tubercle smaller groove on humerus
deltoid tuberosity where deltoid attaches to humerus
tochlea distal end of humerus that looks like a spool
capitulum distal end of humerus that articulates with radius
medial epicondyle pointy part on distal end of humerus
lateral epicondyle pointy part on distal and lateral end of humerus
coronoid fossa notch above trochlea on anterior surface of humerus
olecranon fossa posterior surface hole on humerus
radius connects at thumb
head of radius hockey puck head
neck of radius distal to head
styloid process pointy ends of radius and ulna
ulna u-shaped bone
coronoid process anterior proximal bump on ulna
olecranon process large bump on proximal ulna
trochlear notch separates coronoid and olecranon process on ulna
radial notch on ulna
head of ulna on distal end
carpal bones bones of wrist
scaphoid first carpal
lunate second carpal
triquetrum third carpal
pisiform fourth carpal
trapezium fifth carpal
trapezoid sixth carpal
capitate seventh carpal
hamate eighth carpal
metacarpal bones bones of hand
phalanges bones of fingers
Created by: launawe



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