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medical terminology

chapters 14-15

adenoma tumor of gland
arthritis inflammation of joint
carcinoma cancerous tumor
cardiology study of the heart
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum
anesthesia no sensation to pain
cytology study of cells
electrocardiogram recording of electrical impulses of the heart
electroencephalogram recording of electric currents of the brain
gastrectomy surgical removal of stomach
gastrotomy surgical incision of stomach
diagnosis state of complete knowledge after obtaining patient's information
prognosis prediction of outcome
hematology study of blood
iatrogenic PT product of a treatment
Leukocyte WBC
oncology study of cancer
ophthalmoscope instrument to visually examination the eye
pathologist specializing in diseases
rhinitis inflammation of nasal cavity
sarcoma tumor of flesh
arthralgia joint pain
pathogenic PT disease
hepatoma blood tumor
leukocytosis abnormal condition of WBCs
enteropathy disease of intestine
gastroenterology study of digestive system
pericardium membrane surrounding the heart
abdominal PT abdomen
adipose fatty tissue
anabolism process of building up
cervical PT neck region
chondrosarcoma malignant tumor of cartilage and flesh
chromosomes bodies of color
craniotomy incision into cranium
cytoplasm cell formation
distal PT away from point of origin
histology study of tissue
inguinal groin
karyotype nucleus type
lateral PT side
medial PT middle
posterior PT back side
proximal PT nearest point of origin
thoracotomy surg. incision of chest area
visceral PT internal organs
epigastric above stomach
metabolism chemical changes in cells
otalgia pain of the ear
cystocele hernia of bladder
thoracentesis surg puncture of chest
laryngectomy removal of larynx
anemia no blood
ischemia lack of blood
pathogenesis formation of disease
angiography recording of a vessel
morphology study of form
hemolysis breakdown of RBCs
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
splenomegaly enlargement of spleen
biopsy to view life
leukocytosis abnormal condition of WBCs
arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries
metastasis beyond stopping/control
hemostasis stopping blood flow
colostomy new incision of colon
chemotherapy medical treatment using drugs
radiotherapy medical treatment using x-rays/radiation p. 817
hypertrophy excessive development
atrophy no development
pericardium surrounding the heart
nephropathy disease of kidneys
laryngeal PT larynx
chronic long term
anoxia without oxygen
ante cibum before meals
autoimmune disease producing antibodies against one's own immune system
bifurcation splitting in two
congenital anomaly birth defect
contralateral opposite sides
diarrhea flow through
dyspnea painful breathing
dysplasia abnormal development
endoscope instrument used to view within
exophthalmos protrusion of the eye
hypodermic injection injection under the skin
infracostal under ribs
macrocephaly large head
malaise discomfort
pancytopenia deficiency of all blood cells
percutaneous through the skin
polymorphonuclear many shaped nucleus
prodrome signs and symptoms before illness
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
retroflexion bend backward
syndactyly webbed fingers
symbiosis life together
symphysis grow together
transurethral through urethra
unilateral one sided
perianal around anus
appendicitis inflammation of appendix
cholecystectomy removal of gall bladder
choledochotomy incision of common bile duct
enterocolitis inflammation of large and small intestines
enteroenterostomy new incision between two parts of small intestine
parenteral appart from intestine
gingivitis inflammation of gums
hypoglossal under the tongue
hepatomegaly enlarged liver
choledochojejunostomy new opening between the common bile duct and jejunum
submandibular below mandible
periodontist specialist of gums
palatoplasty repair of palate
pancreatitis inflammation of pancreas
proctologist specialist of proctology
sialadenitis inflammation of salivary glands
stomatitis inflammation of mouth
hyperbilirubinemia excess bilirubin in blood
choleliathiasis condition of gall stones
gluconeogenesis PT producing new sugar in blood
glycogenolysis breakdown of glycogen to form sugar
steatorrhea discharge of fat in feces
choledocholithiasis stones in common bile duct
bronchiectasis stretching of bronchial tubes
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemolysis destruction of blood cells
dyspepsia indigestion
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
hemoptysis spitting blood
herniorraphy hernia suture
cholestasis stopping flow of bile from liver
biliary atresia no opening of the common bile duct
colonoscopy viewing of colon
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines
pancreatoduodenectomy removal of pancreas and duodenum
caliceal PT calyx
paranephric PT near kidneys
nephrolithotomy incision of kidney to remove stones
renal ischemia holding back blood from kidneys
trigonitis inflammation of trigone
urethroplasty surgical repair is urethra
urethritis inflammation of urethra
albuminuria protein in urine
azotemia nitrogen in blood
polydipsia thirsty
ketonuria acid in urine
nocturia nighttime urination
oliguria scanty urination
pyuria puss in urine
enuresis bedwetting
diuresis excessive urination
dysuria painful urination
anuria no urine
hematuria blood in urine
glycosuria sugar in urine
polyuria excessive urination
amniocentesis puncture to remove amniotic fluid
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
culdocentesis removal of fluid from cul-de-sac
galactorrhea abnormal discharge of milk
gynecomastia enlargement of breast in males
lactogenesis formation of milk
mammoplasty breast repair
amenorrhea absence of menstruation
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
oligomenorrhea scanty menstruation
menorrhagia heavy/excessive bleeding
obstetrics PT pregnancy and childbirth
bilateral oophorectomy removal of both ovaries
perineorrhaphy suture of perineum
salpingectomy removal of fallopian tubes
vulvovaginitis inflammation of vulva and vagina
primigravida first pregnancy
primiparous first birth
leukorrhea white discharge
pyosalpinx puss in fallopian tubes
endometritis inflammation of inner lining of the uterus
multipara many births
multigravida many pregnancies
nulligravida no pregnancies
nullipara no births
androgen male hormone
balanitis inflammation of penis
cryogenic surgery freezing to destroy tissue
cryptorchidism undescended testicles
epididymitis inflammation of epididymis
orchiectomy removal of testicles
orchitis inflammation of testicles
prostatitis inflammation of prostate
prostatectomy removal of prostate
permolytic PT destruction of sperm
oligospermia scanty sperm
aspermia no sperm
teratoma monstrous tumor
vasectomy removal of part of the vas deferens
azoospermia no sperm in semen
spermatogenesis formation of sperm
orchiopexy fixation of testicles
cerebrospinal fluid fluid in cerebrum and spinal cord
subdural hematoma blood formation below dura mater
epidural hematoma blood formation above dura mater
encephalitis inflammation of brain
encephalopathy disease of brain
anencephaly no brain
meningiomyelocele hernia of spine and meninges
poliomyelitis inflammation of gray matter in spinal cord
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves
radiculopathy disease of nerve root
analgesia no sensation to pain
neuralgia nerve pain
cephalalgia headache
causalgia burning pain
hyperesthesia excessive sensation
paresthesia abnormal sensation
hyperkinesis excessive movement
narcolepsy compulsion to sleep
hemiparesis slight weakness
hemiplegia partial paralysis
paraplegia paralysis of lower body
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs
apraxia no action
syncopal fainting
ataxia no coordination
angioplasty surgical repair of blood vessels
arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries
endarterectomy removal of plaque from inner layer of an artery
atherosclerosis hardening of yellow fatty plaque
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
bradycardia slow heart rhythm
tachycardia fast heart rhythm
hypercholesterolemia excessive cholesterol in blood
sphygmomanometer blood pressure kit
vasodilation widening of vessel
CT computed tomography
GI gastrointestinal
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth
PUD peptic ulcer disease
BUN blood urea nitrogen
ADH antidiuretic hormone
K+ Potassium
U/A urinalysis
BILI bilirubin
CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
EMB endometrial biopsy
FHR fetal heart rate
HDN hemolytic disease of newborn
DCIS ductal carcinoma in situ
AFP alpha fetoprotein
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
GU genitourinary
TURP Transurethral resection of prostate
HSV herpes simplex virus
ICP intracranial pressure
MG myasthenia gravis
CVA cerebrovascular accident
Sz seizure
TIA Transient ischemic accident
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
AMI acute myocardial infarction
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
CHF congestive heart failure. Heart is unable to pump the required amount of blood.
vericose veins abnormally swollen and twisted veins
arrhythmias abnormal heart rhythms
bradycardia and heart block failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA nodes through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle
fibrillation very rapid random inefficient and irregular contractions of the heart
Tetrology of Fallot congenital malformation of four (tetra) distinct heart defects.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) disease of arteries around the heart
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) improper closure of mitral valve.
aneurysm local widening of arterial wall
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) blockage of arteries carrying blood to organs.
angiogram recording of heart vessels
angioplasty repair of heart vessels
aortic stenosis narrowing of aorta
Created by: bspitzzeri