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Thalamic Nuclei

NUCLEUSMAJOR IMPUTMAJOR OUTPUTFUNCTIONSFUNCTIONAL CLASSEXTRA INFORMATION
Anterior from mammillary body of the hypothalamus cingulate gyrus of limbic lobe mediates visceral, emotional information specific, limbic
Ventral Anterior globus pallidus, substantia nigra and intralaminar and midline thalamic nuclei premotor and primary motor cortices motor specific motor
Ventrolateral Contralateral cerebellar hemisphere through superior cerebellar penduncle, globus pallidus primary motor cortex motor: coordinates basal ganglia with cerebellum specific motor
Ventral Posterior (lateral and medial) spinothalamic tracts and medial leminscus (medial=trigeminal nerve) postcentral gyrus somatosensory specific, sensory
Lateral Geniculate retinal ganglion cells Lingual and cuneate gyri of the occipital lobes vision specific, sensory
Medial Geniculate Inferior colliculus terminate in the auditory cortex auditory specific, sensory
Dorsomedial Prefrontal cortex, substantia nigra, amygdala, hypothalamus prefrontal cortex, amygdala limbic specific, limbic
Pulvinar primary associational visual cortex inferior parietal cortex (association cortex) important contributions to language formulation, language processing specific, associational
Centromedian globus pallidus, vestibular nucleus, superior colliculus, reticular formation, spinal cord, motor / premotor cortices basal ganglia and thalamus modulates excitability of cortex (cognitive) and overall functions of basal gaglia (sensorimotor) non-specific
Reticular thalamocortical projections thalamic nuclei and reticular formation integrates and regulates thalamic neuronal activity non-specific
Created by: amyzastrow