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HISTORY CHAPTER 1

HISTORY

QuestionAnswer
rode the Pinta & was the first to see the America's on October 12, 1492 Rodrigo de Trianna
ship that was authorized to find a water route to the Indies Pinta
What were the Indies? India, China, & other Asian Lands
first man to sail along with North American Coast Lief Ericson
movement of people for the purpose of settling in a new land migration
created by dropped glaciers, Asians used it to reach North America land bridge
tribes that lived on the far north on the coastal edges of North America Inuit & Aleut
northern people who were nomads Koyukon & Ingalik
people who moved their homes regularly in search of food nomads
lived in Southwest & made their own farming methods Hopi & Zuni
nomadic Indians in the SouthWest apache
traveled great distances on foot and hunted buffalo for food, clothing, & shelters Plains Indians
settled in lower Mississippe rivers, had towns with several thousnad peope who built temples Natchez
family relationships that organized society kinship
groups of families who share a common ancestor clan
passing tradtions from generation to generations by word of mouth oral history
another word for trade barter
also known as the Mideival Ages Middle Ages
inspired the muslin & islam religions Muhammed
a powerful lord/noble divided gis land among lesser lords feudalism
peasants bound to the land they work on serfs
another word for estate manor
produced everything a society needed to survive & the trade links died out Manor System
head of the catholic church pope
authorized religious officials who performed ceremonies clergy
hole wars crusades
merchants, traders & artisans which made & sold goods to the manors middle class
those who rule over territories or states monarchs
when the duke of normandy conquered England the Norman Conquest
forced his nobles to sign the Magna Carta King John
"Great Charter", foundation for future American Ideals of liberty & justice Magna Carta
"rebirth" of Europe Renaissance
using reason to explore the world humanism
most gifted writer in English history William Shakespeare
invented the printing press Johann Gutenberg
started by Martin Luther after he posted the 95 thesis The Reformation
claimed the bible ruled over the church, started reformation Martin Luther
follows of Martin Luther Protestants
established a school for mariners Prince Henry of Portugal
United Spain & drove Muslims out of Spain Ferdinand & Isabella
tropical grassland with scattered trees where nomads raised livestock savanna
using kinship in society lineage
established friendly relationship with Portugese Oba
Muslim empire that had many religious scholars Songhai
made Songhai a Muslim Empire Askia Muhammed
center of learning, Islam Timbuktu
religion started by Muhammed Islam
captured in war, worked for owners slaves
discovered america in 1492, sailed 3 ships, Nina, Pinta & Santa Maria Christopher Columbus
3 ships sailed by Columbus Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria
gave Columbus gifts when he arrived in the America's Tainos
Native Americans from the Indies Indians
new era of transatlantic trade Columbian Exchange
new food of Euopes poor, which helped save them from famine potato
explorers infected the North Americans with______ diseases
signed the Treaty of Tordesillas Pope Alexander
said Spain ruled the West & Portugal ruled the rest Treaty of Toresillas
imaginary line that divided up spain & portugal's lands Line of demarcation
large farms plantations
native americans migrated to_______ America
distinct_______ & _______ developed languages & customs
people adapted to the _______ environment
2 tribes on the Northern Coast Inuit & Aleut
nomadic tribes in the north Koyukon & Ingalik
_______ were a food soruce on the northwest coast waterways
there were rich ______& it was densly_______ resources, populated
in cali there were diverse_____, along with ________,farming, & gathering languages &fishing
inland areas bwteen cascades & rockies the plateau
dry region between rockies & seirra nevada the great basin
dry region, home of Hopi, Zuni, Navaho, Anasazi The Southwest
central region of continent, home of Mandans, Wichita, , Pawnee,used dogs as packing animals, had farming & buffalo the plains
woodlands with ample rainfall, hunting, gathering, farming, & fishing, home of Seneca, Lenape, & Iroquois the northeast
woodlands, hunted, fishing, gathering, had mound builders, huge eartnern structures the southeast
3 shared customs & beliefs social structure, (kinship), religion, and preserving culture
one thing Native Americas NEVER sell land
after renaissance there were advances in________ politcal thought
the_____ was invented which helped with communcation printing press
_______dominate eco system wealthy merchants
______ & _______compete to explore sea routes Spain & Portugal
there were advances in _____(3)_____ art, philosophy, & science
african society was organized by ______ lineage groups
african religion supreme being & lesser spirits
land is plentiful, power rests on ________ # of people ruled
european religion christianity
what determines your land? your wealth
what were spains 3 motives for conquering the americas? god, gold, & glory
was the first to see the pacifica ocean from american continent vasco nunes de balboa
began the first expedition to sail around the whole earth ferdinand megellan
conquered entire empire of the Incas Fransico Pizarro
spansih conquerer conquistador
areas settled by immigrants who continue to be ruled by their parent country colonies
system where native americans were forced to work for the profit of an indivual in exchange for their wellbeing ecomienda system
spanish word for mixed, bcause native americans and spanish were mixed on the same land mestizos
part of expediton that shipwrecked near texas, starnded for 8 years alvar nunez calenza de vaca
traveled into american southwest in search of 7 golden cities estevanico
he & his sailors were the first spanish to cross the Mississippi Hernan de Soto
claimed new Mexico Juan de Onate
people wh were sent by the church to tell peope about their religion missionaries
when the peublos fiercly reisted the spanish peublo revolt of 1680
inspired the peublo people in new mexico to drive the spnish out of santa fe pope
first english explorer to sail the atlantic john cabot
made 3 voyages across the atlantic in search of a trade route to asia sir martin frobisher
trade route to asia northwest passage
explored for english & dutch, found and named a river in Ny henry hudson
most famous of englands "sea dogs" Sir Francis Drake
privatly owned ship or the captain of such a ship hiredby a gov to attack foregin ships privateer
protestant queen of England , authorized sea dogs to attack catholic spain elizabeth 1st
when walter raleigh tried to start a colony on roanoke roanoke disaster
tried to start a colony on roanoke walter raleigh
early form of native trive, only clue to raleighs fate croaton
certificate of permission from the king charter
sent 100 colonists to virginia & named it jamestown virginia company
founded by colonists from virginia jamestown
made virginia a royal colony king james
made a colony by king james virginia
first example of limited self gov in the english colonies house of burgesses
became the basis of colonists economy tobacco
shipped tobacco to europe john rolfe
owners of plantations planters
people who would work for a master and the master would pay for their voyage indentured servants
raised an army to fight the native americans in 1676 nathanial bacon
made 3 voyages to canada & french king claimed the region called new france jaques cartier
found first successful french colony in north america (quebec) & mapped atlantic shores samuel de champlain
broke with catholic church & named and found anglican church king henry VIII
colony named by pilgrims plymouth
taught colonists how to plant corn squanto
movement of colonists to england great migrationnn
idea that different religions should live in peace together religious tolerance
joined massachutets bay colony & plymouth into one william & mary
colonies to the south of england, NY NJ PA & DE middle colonies
colony graned by a king or queen to an individual or group who could make laws and ruled as they wished proprietary colonies
members or protestant groupd that suffered from persecution in england quakers
created as a haven for catholics being persecuted in england maryland
spansih settled in the southest to________ build forts for protection
spanish settled in southwest to_______ make money off farming
spansih settled in west_______ to establish and protect trade routes across the pacific ocean
based on fur trade, located on lawrence river New France
stlled by pilgrims plymouth
settled by puritans,strict rules, religious tolerance, had praying towns MASSACHUSETTS BAY
acquired from dutch, located at mouth of hudson river, trading colony of furs New York
found by quakers, haven for people of everyfaith, "holy experiment" Pennsylvania
found by catholics, but many puritans moved there, protected people who believed in Jesus Maryland
his quotes convinced american colonists of economif opportunies available to them benjamin franklin
13, each week benjamin franklin tried to live by them franklin's virtues
hald that a country should keep as much bullion, gold, and silver as possible mercantalism
difference in value between imports & exports balance of trade
approved a stronger version of the navigation act king charles II
delcared religious tolerance, collected taxed without kings approval edmund andros
respect for different religious beliefs religous tolerance
established colonies james had abolished William & Mary
3 types of colonies royal, proprietary, & charter
served under goverenmnt, dominated colonist government colonial legislature
people who were elegible to vote qualified voters
when the British neglected their colonies salutary neglect
the southern colonies va md sc nc ge
colnies from maryland north to ny middle colonies
region os small sufficient farms & towns dependent on long distance trade new england colonies
trade between 3 points in the atlantic world triangular trade
people placed under a lgal contract to work for another person in exchange for learning a trade apprentices
book published by benjamin franklin "poor richards almanac"
training grounds for ministers & lawers colonial colleges
launched the "New York Weekly Journal" peter zenger
went through the many horrors of slavery & told about them olaudah equiano
1 leg of triangular trade between the america's, europe, & africa middle passage
when several slaves killed over 20 whites stono
people who enter a new country to settle immigrants
built by french, located by erie pa fort presque island
revival of religious feeling great awakening
great awakening was a response to his preaching johnaton edwards
preached to those in churches & out in the open geore whitefield
trade develops in _______ & ______ New England & Middle Colonies
salutary neglect encourages________ self government
________ & _______ determined place in society gender & race
wealthy individuals were callled_______ gentry
land ownership broiught______ & ______ status & power
women had ____________ after marriage very few legal rights
where did slaves harvest rice & indigo, work in brutal conditions, & preserve many african customs south carolina & georgia
where did slaves harvest tobacco & fill many work roles? VA & maryland
where did slaves work as cooks, servants, & skilled workers? middle colonies & new england
in colonial south carolina & georgia most slaves worked on_________ plantations
increased colonial production of stale crops led to_________ an increase in slaves brought to america
what led to the shaping of New France establishment of farming communities
olaudah equiano is remembered for an escape from slavery
what did the great awakening do to the religious in the colonies? made religious in colonies more democratic
Created by: nicole_kunkle