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Sociology Ch.2

QuestionAnswer
Cultural Universals common features that are found in all human cultures.
Ethnocentrism tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
Cultural Relativism belifes that culture should be judged by their own standards.
Subculture group with its own unique values,norms, and structure of society
Conterculture group that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns.
George Murdock anthropologist examined hundreds of diffrent cultures in an attempt to determine what general traits are common to all cultures.
Margret Mead anthropologist conducted a now-classic study of cultural variation.
Arapesh contented, gentle, nonaggressive, receptive, trusting, and warm people.
Mundugumor aggressive, competitive, jealous, and violent people
Marvin Harris arthropologist explored the religious prohibition in India against killing cows even when food shortages exist.
Edwin Sutherland criminologist developed the idea of subcultures in the 1920's through his woek on crime and juvenile delinquency
Culture shared products of humen groups. These products include both physical objects and beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by the group.
Material culture physical objects created by humen groups. Sociologist and anthropologists use the term antifacts to refer to physical objects of material culture.
NonmaterissssssssssssszszzaaaazaszaazwwssasazzzdasasawaswzsdaswaswaswaswwsawssszzzzzzaazsazsazzzswaswadAswaswwaswawqAWSWSAwSasazaawaswaswasaswawqqawqaswaszaszwazzasazasydyal Culture abstract humen creations, such as language, ideas, belifes, rules, skills, family patterens, work practices and political and economic system.
Society group of mutually interdependent people who have a feeling of unity
Technology Knowledge and tools peolpe use for practtical purpose
Language organization of written and spoken symbols into standardize system
Values Shared belifes about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desireable or undesirable
Norms shared rules of conducy that tell people how to act in specific situation
Folkways norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them-the common custom of everyday life
Mores lnorms that have great moral significance attached to them.
Laws written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the govenment.
Culture Complexes w
Culture Patterns h
Yanomamo f
San s
Napoleon Chagnon j
Created by: Annie.Borden
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