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Chabner Ch11- Patho

Cardiovascular System - Pathology - The Heart & Blood Vessels

arrhyrhmias abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias)
bradycardia and heart block (atrioventricular block) failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His).
flutter rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria.
fibrillation very rapid, random, inefficient, and irregular contractions of the heart (350 beats or more per minute).
congenital heart disease abnormalities in the heart at birth.
coarctation of the aorta (CoA) narrowing (coarctation) of the aorta.
patent ductus arteriosus passageway (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open (patent) after birth.
septal defects small holes in the wall between the atria (atrial septal defects) or the ventricles (ventricular septal defects).
tetralogy of Fallot congenital malformation involving four (tetra-) distinct heart defects. pulmonary artery stenosis; ventricular septal defect; shift of the aorta to the right; hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
congestive heart failure (CHF) heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
coronary artery disease (CAD) disease of the arteries surrounding the heart.
endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
hypertensive heart disease high blood pressure affecting the heart.
mitral valve prolapse (MVP) improper closure of the mitral valve.
murmur extra heart sound, heard between normal beats.
pericarditis inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart.
rheumatic heart disease heart disease caused by rheumatic fever.
aneurysm local wideing (dilation) of an arterial wall.
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) blood clot (thrombus) forms in a large vein, usually in a lower limb.
hypertension (HTN) high blood pressure.
peripheral arterial disease (PAD) blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys and other organs.
Raynaud disease recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes.
varicose veins abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occuring in the legs.
Created by: mahepath