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Clin Lab Proced.01

Homework Packet #1

The central laboratory for the national public health system, located in Atlanta, Georgia, is the ____________________ CDC - Center for Disease Control and Prevention
The person who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of a laboratory, is the _______________, and works directly under the authority of the director of the laboratory. Laboratory Manager
The 1996 law designed to protect privacy or patient personal health information is the _______________. HIPPA - Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
A laboratory that performs chemical and microscopic tests on blood, body fluids, and tissues is called a _______________ laboratory. Clinical
A voluntary process by which an independent agency grants recognition to an individual by way of standardized testing is called __________ The same type of process that for an organization that meets or exceeds established standards of quality is ________ Certification/Accreditation
An international, nonprofit organization that establishes standards of best current practice for clinical laboratories is the _______________ and has the abbreviation _______________. Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute/CLSI
Programs in which laboratories are sent blind samples which are analyzed, reported, and compared to the results from other laboratories are called _______________ programs. PT - Proficiency Testing
The governmental agency which oversees public health care matters in the United States is the _______________. DHHS - Department of Health and Human Services
The liquid portion of the blood in which blood cells are suspended in the body is called __________. If a blood sample is drawn in a tube that does not have an anticoagulant, and allowed to clot it is called _________, because it would then lack _________ Plasma/Serum/Fibrinogen
_______________ is the agency within DHHS responsible for implementing CLIA 88'. CMS - Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Performing testing near the patient rather than in the traditional laboratory setting is called _______________ testing. POCT - Point of Care Testing
Milli (m) is a prefix used to indicate _______________ units. One one-thousandth (1/1000, 10 -3, 0.001)
In military (or 24 hour) time, 11:15 pm would be recorded as _______________. 2315
Laboratory data is standardized regionally, nationally, and internationally by reporting in _______________ units. SI - International System of Units
The meter is the metric unit of _______________. Distance
The symbol μ (Greek letter Mu)is the abbreviation for: Micro
The temperature scale that has 0° as the freezing point of water is the _______________ scale, with the boiling point of water at _______________°. Celsius/100°
In units of length, a mL is one-thousandth (0.001) of a(n) _______________. Liter
The prefix used to indicate one-hundredth of a unit is _______________. Centi (10^-2)
In the metric system, body weight would be recorded in _______________, while it would be in _______________ in the English system. Kilograms (Kg)/Pounds (lb.)
Mega- One Million
Micro- One-Millionth
Kilo- 1000
Centi- One-Hundredth
Milli- One-Thousandth
Deca- 10
Microliter Symb: µL
Nanogram Symb: ng.
Milligram Symb: mg.
Femtoliter Symb: fL.
Centimeter Symb: cm.
Gram Symb: g.
3 millimeters = __________micrometers or __________ cm. 3000/0.3
25 milligrams = __________grams or __________ ng. 0.025/25000000
0.1 liter = __________ milliliters or __________ µL 100/100000
6 kilometers = __________ centimeters or ________ meters. 600000/6000
0.5 grams = __________ micrograms or __________ mg. 500000/500
10 milliliters = __________ microliters or __________L. 10000/0.01
What is the S.I. Unit? International System of Units
What unit of measure is the metric system based on? Meter
When performing maintenance on equipment, the first step is _______________. To disconnect the power supply
Mercury is classifies as a heavy _______________. Metal
The federal agency that creates workplace safety regulations is _______________. OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration
The three major types of hazards in the laboratory are: __________, __________, and __________. Physical/Chemical/Biological
If a chemical produces harmful fumes, it should be used only in a(n) _______________. Fume hood
An independent regional laboratory that offers routine and specialized testing services to hospitals and physicians. Reference Laboratory
A program in which a laboratory's accuracy in performing analyses is evaluated at regular intervals and compared to the performance of similar laboratories. Proficiency Testing
Clinical laboratory department where blood components are tested and stored for transfusion. Blood Bank
The process by which specimens are logged in, labeled, and assigned a specimen identification code. Accessioning
A device that draws contaminated air out of an area and either cleanses and recirculates it, or discharges it to the outside. Fume Hood
The study of blood and blood forming tissues. Hematology
The study of human blood groups. Immunohematology
A substance with the potential to produce cancer in humans or animals. Carcinogen
The process of forming a fibrin clot; also the laboratory department that performs hemostasis testing. Coagulation
Instrument with a rotor that rotates at high speeds in a closed chamber. Centrifuge
Laboratory department that uses chemical principles to analyze blood and body fluids. Clinical Chemistry
An instrument that uses pressurized steam for sterilization. Autoclave
The branch of medicine encompassing the study of immune processes and immunity. Immunology
The branch of biology dealing with microbes. Microbiology
Written safety information that must be supplied by manufacturers of chemicals and hazardous materials. MSDS - Materials Safety Data Sheet
A substance with the potential to make a stable change in a gene that can be passed on to offspring. Mutagen
The study of parasites. Parasitology
A physician specially trained in the nature and cause of disease. Pathologist
Agency that offers accreditation to clinical laboratories and certification to laboratory personnel. CAP - College of American Pathologists
The study of the factors that cause disease and determine disease frequency and distribution. Epidemiology
The study of antigens and antibodies in the serum using immunological methods. Serology
A chemical substance having the ability to burn or destroy tissue. Caustic
Created by: luparl