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Med. Term Ch. 4

muscular system

What is a narrow band of nonelastic, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone? tendon
What muscle is striated? skeletal
What tendon is attaches the gastrocnemius muscle to the heel bone? Achilles tendon
What are long, slender cells that make up muscles? Muscle fibers
The body has more than ___________ muscles. 600
Which muscles are located in the walls of internal organs? smooth
Smooth muscles are also known as ______________. Involuntary
What muscles do not have the dark and light bands? Unstriated
What term refers to working in opposition? Antagonistic
What means relating to the internal organs? Visceral
What is also known as cardiac muscle? Myocardial muscles
What means muscle? My/o
What means pertaining to? al
What is the largest muscle in the human body? Gluteus Maximus
____________ is the tightening of a muscle. Contraction
What occurs when a muscle returns to its original form? Relaxation
What means pertaiing to the relationship between the nerve and muscle? Neuromuscular
What is the stimulation of a muscle by an impulse transmitted by a motor nerve? Muscle Innervation
__________________ is movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. Abduction
An ___________________ is a muscle that moves a part away from the midline. Abductor
____________________ is the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body. Adduction
What means to lead? duct
What means decreasing the angle between two bones by bending a limb at a joint? Flexion
A ________________ is a muscle that bends a limb at a joint. Flexor
A ________________ is a muscle that moves a part toward the midline. Adductor
_________________ means increasing the angle between two bones or the straightening of a limb. Extension
_________________ is a muscle that straightens a limb at a joint. Extensor
___________________ is the extreme or overextension of a limb or body part beyond its normal limit. Hyperextension
_____________ is the act of raising or lifting a body part such as raising the ribs when breathing. Elevation
________________ is the act of lowering a body part. Depression
______________ turns a bone on its own axis. Rotation
______________________ turns the palm of the hand upward or forward. Supination
What is the circular movement at the far end of a limb? Circumduction
_______________ turns the palm of the hand downward or backward. Pronation
______________ bends the foot downward at the ankle. Plantar Flexion
During flexion, what is relaxed? Triceps
During flexion, what is contracted? Biceps
What means to stretch out? tens
____________ is the circular movement around an axis such as the shoulder joint. Rotation
An __________________ is an imaginary line that runs lengthwise through the center of the body. Axis
What decreases the angle of the elbow? flexion
What increases the angle of the elbow? Extension
____________________ turns a body part on its axis. Rotator Muscle
__________________ is the group of muscles their tendons that hold the head of the humerus securely in place as it rotates within the shoulder joint. Rotator Cuff
____________ is the act of rotating the arm or the leg so that the palm of the hand, or sole of the foot is turned forward or upward. Supination
___________________ is the act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward. Pronation
What is the circular movement of a limb at the far end? Circumduction
Palm of hand is turned upward Supination
Palm of hand is turned downward Pronation
_______________ means pertaining to the foot. Plantar
What is the movement that bends the foot downward at the ankle? plantar flexion
Muscle movement generates nearly _______ of the heat that keeps the body warm. 85%
Movements of skeletal muscles are made possible by two points of attachment known as the ______________ and ________________. origin and insertion
__________ means slanted or at an angle. Oblique
_______________ means wrist or wrist bones. Carpi
________________ means toward the side. Lateralis
_________________ means toward the midline. Medialis
___________________ helps bend the neck and rotate the head. sternocleidomastoid
_________________ is the place where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon. Insertion
_______________ is located nearest the midline of the body or on a less moveable part of the skeleton. Origin
_________ means near the surface or external superficial
__________ means deeper location. Internal
______________ is a thick, fan shaped muscel that is situated on the anterior chest wall. Pectoralis Major
______________ means relating to the chest. Pectoral
_________________ means in straight alignment with the vertical axis of the body. Rectus
______________ is a ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway. Sphincter
What means in a crosswise direction? Transverse
This means two. bi
This is also known as biceps. Biceps Brachii
This is formed from three divisions. Triceps
The __________________ is shaped like an inverted triangle or the Greek letter delta. deltoid muscle
ceps means __________. head
The hamstring group consists of ____________ separate muscles. three
The primary functions of the hamstrings are for knee _________ and hip ____________. flexion and extension
_________________ is a specialist who works under the supervision of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness. Exercise Physiologist
_____________ is a physician who specializes in treating the causes of paralysis and similar muscular disorders in which there is a loss of function. Physiatrist
_____________ is the restoration, following disease, illness, or injury, of the ability to function in a normal or near-normal manner. Rehabilitation
Created by: mburrell4