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Ear/Nose/Throat

Diseases

QuestionAnswer
acoustic neuroma A slowly growing, non-cancerous tumor that develops on the nerve connecting the ear to the brain.
neurinoma A tumor (usually benign) of the sheath surrounding a nerve. This is another term for a schwannoma.
anosmia Loss of the sense of smell.
ceruminoma A tumor of the ceruminous glands.
cholesteatoma A nodular growth of squamous epithelium derived from the cells in the external ear, but extending into the middle ear. This is a complication of otitis media and appears as a pearly white, shiny, formed, brittle mass.
labyrinthitis Inflammation of the labyrinth (the inner ear).
mastoiditis Inflammation of the mastoid air cells.
Meniere disease A disorder characterized by recurrent vertigo when lying down, sensory hearing loss, and tinnitus. It is associated with a dilation of the membranous labyrinth.
myringitis Inflammation of the tympanic membrane.
otitis externa Inflammation or infection of the external canal or the auricle. Swimmer's ear is one form of otitis externa.
A usually benign tumor of a sheath which surrounds a nerve. neurinoma
Loss of smell. anosmia
Inflammation of the tympanic membrane. myringitis
Inflammation or infection of the external canal or the auricle. otitis externa
A tumor of the ceruminous glands. ceruminoma
A cholesteatoma appears as a pearly white mass.
Mastoiditis is inflammation of the mastoid air cells.
Meniere disease is characterized by recurrent vertigo.
Inflammation of the inner ear is referred to as labyrinthitis.
otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear marked by pain, fever, abnormal hearing or hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo. This is the most common ear infection.
acute otitis media- a bacterial infection in the middle ear, usually secondary to an upper respiratory infection;
chronic otitis media- a permanent perforation of the tympanic membrane;
serous otitis media- an effusion in the middle ear which arises from incomplete resolution of an acute otitis media or obstruction of a eustachian tube.
otosclerosis A condition of a bony labyrinth in which there is spongy bone formation in front of and behind the stapes, resulting in conductive hearing loss.
perforation - A hole made through a part or substance. A perforated tympanic membrane is a common ear problem.
pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx (a sore throat).
presbycusis The sensorineural hearing loss that occurs as a part of normal aging.
rhinitis The most frequent upper respiratory tract infection; it is characterized by edema and dilation of the nasal mucous membrane, nasal discharge, and nasal obstruction.
schwannoma An acoustic neurinoma; an enlarging, benign tumor usually within the internal auditory canal which arises from cells of the 8th cranial nerve.
sinusitis Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
vestibular neuronitis A benign disorder characterized by the sudden onset of severe vertigo which is persistent at first, and then becomes paroxysmal.
The sensorineural hearing loss which occurs as a part of normal aging. presbycusis
The most common ear infection. otitis media
Sore throat. pharyngitis
Nasal discharge and obstruction. rhinitis
Spongy bone formation behind and in front of the stapes. otosclerosis
Created by: trinka