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Integumentary System

QuestionAnswer
abscess A localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined spaces.
acne A common inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones, papules, pustules, inflamed nodules, pus-filled cysts, and, in extreme cases, deep, inflamed, purulent sacs.
actinic keratosis Sharply outlined red or skin-colored, flat or raised keratotic lesions which may develop into squamous cell carcinoma.
alopecia Baldness. The absence of hair in places where it should be present.
basal cell carcinoma A type of skin cancer, the presentation of which varies.
burn Injury to integumentary tissue caused by contact with fire, steam, hot liquid, chemicals, electricity, friction, or radiant exposure.
first degree burns involve redness of the superficial layers of the skin; second degree burns have blisters which involve the
candidiasis Infection by the Candida fungus. This is usually superficial and most commonly affects the skin. However, it also affects moist mucous areas, such as those found in the mouth, vagina, and respiratory tract.
cellulitis An acute, diffuse, spreading, edematous inflammation primarily of the deep subcutaneous tissues, but sometimes affecting deeper tissues and muscles. This is often associated with abscess formation.
dandruff Dry, scaly material shed from the scalp.
decubitus ulcer Decubitus means literally the act of lying down. A decubitus ulcer is a bedsore, or a loss of the epidermis in patches caused by lying in bed for long periods of time
Basal cell carcinoma can appear as small, shiny, formed nodules, ulcerated and crusty lesions, scar-like plaques, or lesions appearing like a dermatitis.
The most common form of basal cell begins as a small, shiny_______, gets bigger and begins to show a shiny, _______ ______border with _________. papule, pearl-like, telangiectasis.
Baldness is also called _____. alopecia
An infection by the Candida fungus is _____. candidiasis
A localized collection of pus is an _____. abscess
An acute edematous inflammation is called _____. cellulitis
A bedsore is called a_____. decubitus ulcer
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin. There are several different types of dermatitis. Some of these are included below.
atopic dermatitis A chronic itching, superficial inflammation of the skin usually associated with a family history of related disorders, such as hayfever and asthma.
contact dermatitis Acute or chronic dermatitis caused by materials or substances that come into contact with the skin.
nummular dermatitis Chronic dermatitis in which there are inflamed, coin-shaped, crusted and scaling pruritic lesions.
seborrheic dermatitis An inflammatory scaling disease of the scalp, face, and sometimes other areas. Sometimes used synonymously with dandruff.
stasis dermatitis The persistent inflammation of the skin of the lower legs with a tendency to have brown pigment. This is associated with venous insufficiency.
dermatofibroma Also called fibrous histiocytoma, this refers to a firm, red or brown, small papule or nodule occurring in the dermis. This is commonly seen in the legs of women following minor trauma.
histiocytoma Also known as dermatofibroma.
eczema This term is sometimes used synonymously with dermatitis, and sometimes to specify atopic dermatitis.
erythema By itself this means redness of the skin. There are two specific types which are commonly seen in dermatology. These are: erythema multiforme and erythema nodosum.
eczema means literally "oozing or weeping," and is characterized by pruritic papules with oozing, crusting, and scaling, and secondarily by lichenification of the affected skin.
Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin.
Histiocytoma is commonly seen in the legs of women following minor trauma.
erythema multiforme An inflammatory eruption of the skin with symmetric, red, bullous lesions.
erythema nodosum An inflammatory disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized by tender red nodules, especially in the tibial region, but also involving the arms and other areas.
folliculitis Inflammation of a follicle or follicles. This generally refers to hair follicles.
gangrene The death of tissue (necrosis), usually affecting a large area; associated with loss of vascular supply and secondarily with bacterial infection and putrefaction (decomposition).
putrefaction Enzymatic decomposition, especially of proteins, with the production of foul-smelling compounds.
hemangioma Localized benign vascular tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
hidradenitis suppurativa A recurrent skin disease, characterized by boil-like lesions or abscesses, usually found around hair follicles and apocrine sweat glands.
ichthyosis Any of several skin disorders in which the skin is dry and scaly.
ichthyosis vulgaris The most common type ichthyosis vulgaris, which is characterized by prominent scaling on the extensor surfaces of the extremities and the back.
impetigo A superficial vesiculopustular infection of the skin most frequently caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The most commonly affected areas are the arms, legs, and face.
Flexor surfaces, the abdomen and face, are usually spared of ichthyosis vulgaris.
"Ichthys" means ______ and ichthyosis vulgaris resembles ____ ____. "fish," fish scales
The death of tissue usually affecting a large area. _ gangrene
Benign vascular tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. _ hemangioma
Inflammation of a follicle. _ folliculitis
Inflammatory eruption of the skin with symmetric, red, bullous lesions. _ erythema multiforme
Dry skin is also known as this. _ ichthyosis
Infection at the margin of a nail. paronychia
An enlarged and overgrown scar. keloid
Skin condition caused by pus-forming bacteria. pyoderma
A round, firm lesion with a central crater containing keratinous material. keratoacanthoma
An infection with lice. pediculosis
Rosacea usually occurs in middle age.
A steatoma is commonly found on the scalp.
Ringworm of the scalp is referred to as tinea capitis.
tinea unguium Ringworm of the nails.This is also called onychomycosis.
onychomycosis Ringworm of the nails.Same as tinea unguium.
toxic epidermal necrolysis A life-threatening skin disease in which the epidermis peels off in sheets.
urticaria Local wheals and erythema in the dermis.
vitiligo A progressive, chronic pigment anomaly of the skin manifested by white patches that may or may not be surrounded by a hyperpigmented border.
Created by: trinka