Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Leg and Foot Muscles

superficial and deep leg and foot muscles O/I/A

Insertion of Tibialis Anterior Medial side of inferior surface of medial cuneiform & base of 1st metatarsal.
Origin of Tibialis Anterior lateral condyle of tibia, superior 1/2 of lateral surface of tibia
Action of Tibialis Anterior Dorsiflex and inversion, helps to support the medial arch
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Origin lateral condyle of tibia, upper 3/4 of anterior surface of fibula, interosseous membrane where the tendon divides into 4
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Insertion distal and middle phalanges of toes #2-5
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Action dorsiflex, extends toes, everts
Extensor Hallucis Longus - Origin middle 1/2 anterior fibula, interosseus membrane
Extensor Hallucis Longus - Insertion distal phalanx of big toe
Extensor Hallucis Longus - Action dorsiflax, extends big toe, inverts foot
Peroneus Tertius - Origin distal 1/3 of anterior surface of fibula, interosseus membrane
Peroneus Tertius - Insertion dorsal surface of bone & proximal shaft of 5th metatarsal in front of malleolus
Peroneus Tertius - Action dorsiflex, eversion, opposes tibialis anterior
Peroneus Longus - Origin head of fibula, , upper 2/3 of lateral surface of fibula
Peroneus Longus - Insertion lateral side of inferior surface of medial cuneiform & base of 1st metatarsal
Peroneus Longus - Action plantar flexion and eversion of the foot
Peroneus Brevis - Origin inferior 2/3 of lateral fibula passes behind lateral malleolus & passes superior to the peroneal tubercle
Peroneus Brevis - Insertion tuberosity of the base of 5th metatarsal
Peroneus Brevis - Action Eversion of the foot, plantarflex
Gastrocnemius - Origin Lateral Head - Lateral epicoondyle of femur Medial Head - posterior femur proximal to medial epicondyle(back and above)
Gastrocnemius - Insertion Calcaneus via achilles/calcaneal tendon
Gastrocnemius - Action Flexes knee & plantarflexes ankle
Soleus - Origin posterior fibula - head and upper 1/4 tibia - soleal line & medial border
Soleus - Insertion Calcaneus via achilles/calcaneal tendon
Soleus - Action plantarflexes ankle, postural muscle
Plantaris - Origin Lateral side, inferior end of supracondylar line, oblique popliteal ligament
Plantaris - Insertion calcaneus
Plantaris - Action Flexes Knee, plantarflexes ankle
Popliteus - Origin Lateral epicondyle of femur
Popliteus - Insertion Posterior Tibia - superior to soleal line
Popliteus - Action flexes knee, unlocks hperextented knee by medially rotating tibia relative to femur
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Origin posterior surface of fibula inferior 2/3, & interosseus membrane
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Insertion Base of distal phalanx - big toe
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Action flexes big toe, plantar flexion, supports medial arch of foot
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Origin Posterior surface of tibia
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Insertion base of distal phalanx of toes #2-5
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Action flex toes #2-5 plantar flexion, supports longitudinal arch
Tibialis Posterior - Origin interosseous membrane & adjacent tibia/fibula
Tibialis Posterior - Insertion plantar surface of the tuberosity of the navicular, cuboid, cuneiform & bases of metatarsals #2-4, covers entire base of foot
Tibialis Posterior - Action inversion, plantar flexion, maintains arches
Extensor Digitorum Brevis - Origin anterior dorsal surface of calcaneus & inferior extensor retinaculum
Extensor Digitorum Brevis - Insertion proximal phalanx of big toe, blends w tendons of Extensor Digitorum Longus to toes #2-4
Extensor Digitorum Brevis - Action extends toes #1-4, big toe part can be called extensor hallucis brevis
Abductor Hallucis - Origin medial part of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, flexor retinaculum
Abductor Hallucis - Insertion medial side of base of proximal phalanx of big toe
Abductor Hallucis - Action abducts and flexes big toe, supports medial longitudinal arch of the foot
Flexor Digitorum Brevis - Origin inferior surface of tubercalcanei, plantar aponeurosis, divides into 4 tendons
Flexor Digitorum Brevis - Insertion middle phalanges of toes 2-5 both medial and lateral sides (superficial to tendon of flexor digitorum longus)
Flexor Digitorum Brevis - Action flexes toes supports medial and lateral arches
Abductor Digiti Minimi - Origin lateral side of plantar surface of calcaneus and aponeurosis
Abductor Digiti Minimi - Insertion lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of little toe
Abductor Digiti Minimi - Action abducts and flexes little toe, supports lateral longitudinal arch
Created by: jrossington



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards