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Ch 3 Vocab Terms

QuestionAnswer
Vasco da Gama Portuguese explorer who commanded first ships to sail from Europe to India
St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic missionary to India who co-founded the Society of Jesus
Conquistadores Spanish soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who conquered much of central and south America. (means "conquerer" in spanish)
Pizarro Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan empire and founded the city of Lima, Peru
Cartier French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and claimed it for France
Manila Galleons Spanish trading ships that sailed across the Pacific Ocean from the Philippines to Mexico to trade.
Price Revolution Across Western Europe, the high rate of inflation during the 15th-17th centuries (prices raised x6 over 150 years)
Fuggers German family of bankers who replaced the Medici family
Putting Out System process where nobles take wool to tenants, the women then comb and spin the wool into yarn, then the men weave the yarn into cloth so that the nobles could sell it
Cottage industry an industry that can be run from a household by the family members using their own equipment
Usury an unlawful interest rate on lended money
Mercantilism an economic system that increases a nation's wealth by government regulation of commercial interests
Guild workers union of today; an association of craftsmen in a particular trade
East India Company English company founded in 1600 to trade with new British colonies in India
Tariff tax on imported and exported goods
Small Freeholders landowner class between the landed gentry and rural poor
Bourgeois upper class/property-owning class
English Poor Law system of poor relief in England that developed out of old Tudor laws
Hidalgos members of Spanish nobility
Esquires an attendant and shield bearer of a knight (have high social status)
Junkers members of the Prussian aristocracy
Robot forced labor
Hereditary Subjection generation after generation bound to their lord and the land
Philip II father of Alexander the Great, husband of Mary I, supported Counter Reformation, sent Spanish Armada to invade England
Cervantes wrote "Don Quixote"
Elizabeth I Queen of England from 1558-1603, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, restored Protestantism to England, defeated the Spanish Armada, considered one of the most successful rulers of all time
Duke of Alva Spanish general and governer of the Spanish Netherlands; known for his harsh rule and cruelty
Battle of Lepanto Lepanto was a Turkish sea port destroyed in 1571 by the Holy League organized by the pope
Stadtholder a medieval function that turned into the hereditary chief-of-state of the Dutch Republic in the 18th century
Sea Dogs English adventurers/pirates during Elizabeth I's reign
William of Orange Politique who was catholic until marriage to Anne of Saxony (Lutheran), led resistance against Spain and eventually succeeded in keeping them out of Netherlands and conquering them
Antwerp center of the diamond industry; busy port in norhtern Belgium
Armada Catolica Great Armada, Spanish fleet that tried to overthrow Elizabeth I
Magellan Fisrt to circumnavigate the globe
Peace of Westphalia treaties that ended the Thirty Years War
Defenestration of Prague throwing of Habsburgs out the window; start of the Thirty Years War
Moriscos Muslim Catholics living in Spain and Portugal
Henry IV King of France from 1589-1610, leader of Huguenots, founded Bourbon dynasty, established religous freedom, very good politique
Council of Trent Roman Catholic Church meets to examine Protestant teachings and condemn them, and to refine the Roman Catholic church to strengthen the papacy
Catherine de' Medici Queen of France who ordered what became the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
Politique puts secular matters over religious ones
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre massacre of French Protestants in 1572, Catherine de' Medici ordered the death of them
Edict of Nantes (1598)-issued by Henry IV giving rights to Protestants
Absolutism form of government in which sovereignty is the king or queen who believe in the Divine Right of Kings
Cardinal Richelieu chief minister to Louis XIII, helped strengthen royal authority by crushing aristocratic conspiracies, banned all fighting
Gustavus Adolphus king of Sweden whos victories made Sweden very powerful and he got involved on the Protestant side of the Thirty Years War in 1630 (was killed in the Battle of Lutzen)
Created by: JamieFunk