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Speech Anatomy

What is the difference between tendons and ligaments? Tendons: tough, non-elastic cords connecting muscle to bone, cartilage, and muscle Ligaments: tough, elastic cords connecting bone to bone, bone to cartilage, and cartilage to cartilage
In which epithelial tissue does gas exchange occur? simple squamous
What are the two compound epithelial tissues? stratified and transitional
Where is compound transitional tissue found? lining of bladder
The skin, pharynx, mouth, and esophagus are lined with what kind of tissue? compound stratified epithelial tissue
Another way of saying toward the front anatomically. anterior
The anatomic way of saying toward the surface of the body. superficial
Toward the lower end of the body. inferior/ caudal
Coronal A vertical plane passing through the body or structure, dividing it into front and back halves
Transverse A horizontal plane passing through the body or structure, dividing it into upper and lower portions.
Sagittal A vertical plane passing through the body or structure, dividing it into left and right portions.
Mid-Sagittal A vertical plane passing through the body or structure, dividing it into equal left and right halves.
Cuboidal epithelium some glands such as the thyroid
What are the three types of cartilage? hyaline- blue/white (ribs, sternum) elastic- yellow (pinna, larynx) fibrous- white (vertebral discs)
What are the two types of bone? dense/compact-vascularized spongy-porous, contains marrow
Vascular tissue comprises what percent of a person's body weight? 10%
The three types of muscular tissue include... striated-voluntary (skeletal muscle) smooth-involuntary (stomach, intestines) cardiac-involuntary (heart)
Insertion the point of attachment with the most mobility
Origin the point of attachment that remains relatively fixed
Agonists muscles that move a structure
Antagonists muscles that oppose a movement
Synergists muscles that stabilize a structure and assist in a movement (wrist).
Crest prominent ridge
Process bony prominence
Spine sharp projection
Groove or Sulcus furrow
Fissure cleft or deep groove
Foramen opening or perforation
Fossa pit or hollow
Meatus tube or passageway
Sinus cavity within a bone
Abduction move away from the median axis
Adduction move toward the median axis
What are the descriptors used in naming muscles? Direction, Shape, Size, Location, Action, Number of origins, and Location of attachment
Created by: deezer



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