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Oncology Terms

adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor composed of glandular tissue
adenoma tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)
carcinoma cancerous tumor (malignant)
chloroma tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
epithelioma tumor composed of epithelium (malignant tumor)
fibroma tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
fibrosarcoma malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
leiomyoma tumor of smooth muscle (benign)
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
lipoma tumor containing fat (benign tumor)
liposarcoma malignant tumor composed of fat
melanocarcinoma cancerous black tumor (malignant)
melanoma black tumor (primarily of the skin)
myoma tumor formed of muscle (benign)
neoplasm new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
neuroma tumor made up of nerve (benign)
rhabdomyoma tumor of striated muscle (benign)
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant tumor of striated muscle
sarcoma tumor composed of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage, highly malignant)
benign not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery
cancer chemotherapy (chemo) treatment of cancer by using drugs
cancer in situ cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
cancer radiotherapy (CaXRT) treatment of cancer using radioactive substance (x-ray or radiation)
encapsulated enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors
idiopathic pertaining to disease of unknown origin
inflammation response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain
in vivo within a glass, observable within a test tube
malignant tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
remission improvement or absence of signs of disease
cancerous pertaining to cancer
carcinogen substance that causes cancer
carcinogenic producing cancer
cyanosis abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
cytogenic producing cells
cytoid resembling a cell
cytology study of cells
cytoplasm cell substance
diagnosis (Dx) state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
dysplasia abnormal development
epithelial pertaining to epithelium
erythrocyte (RBC) red (blood) cell
erythrocytosis increase in the number of red (blood) cells
etiology study of causes (of diseases)
histology study of tissue
hyperplasia excessive development (of cells)
hypoplasia incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)
iatrogenic produced by a physician (adverse condition)
karyocyte cell with a neculeus
karyoplasm substance of a necleus
leukocyte (WBC) white (blood) cell
leukocytosis increase in the number of white (blood) cells
matestasis beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
myopathy disease of the muscle
neopathy new disease
neuroid resembling a nerve
oncogenic causing tumors
oncologist a physician who studies and treats tumors (cancers)
oncology study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
pathogenic producing disease
pathologist a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease or death)
pathology study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
prognosis (Px) state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
somatic pertaining to the body
somatogenic originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychological)
somatopathy disease of the body
somatoplasm body substance
systemic pertaining to a (body) systen (or the body as a whole)
visceral pertaining to the internal organs
xanthochromic pertaining to yellow color
xanthosis abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
chemo chemotherapy
Dx diagnosis
mets metastasis
Px prognosis
RBC red blood cell
WBC white blood cell
CaXRT cancer radiotherapy, radiation therapy
Created by: ihavekids