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Body Structure

TermDisease/Disorder Term
cell basic unit of all living things.
cell membrane forms the boundary of the cell
cytoplasm gel-like fluid inside the cell
nucleus largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located. It contains chromosomes and is the control center of the cell
chromosomes located in the necleus of the cell. There are 46 in all human cells, with the exception of the mature sex cell, which has 23
genes regions within the chromosome. Each chromosome has several thousand genes that determine hereditary characteristics.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) each gene is composed of DNA, a chemical that regulates the activities of the cell
tissue group of similar cells that performs a specific task
muscle tissue composed of cells that have a special ability to contract, usually producing movement
nervous tissue found in the nerves, spinal cord, and brain. It is responsible for coordinating and controlling body activities
connective tissue connects, supports, penetrates, and encases various body structures. Adipose (fat) and osseous (bone) tissues are types of connective tissue
epithelial tissue the major covering of the external surface of the body, forms membranes that line body cavities and organs, and is the major tissue in glands
organ two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions. (the skin is an organ composed of epithelial, connective, muscle, and nerve tissue)
system group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions. (the nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves; its function is to coordinate and control other body parts
cranial cavity space inside the skull (cranium), containing the brain -
spinal cavity space inside the spinal column, containing the spinal cord
thoracic (chest cavity) space containing the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and bronchi
abdominal cavity space containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and ureters
pelvic cavity space containing the urinary bladder, certain reproductive organs, part of the large intestine, and the rectum
abdominopelvic cavity both the pelvic and abdominal cavities
aden/o gland
cyt/o cell
epitheli/o epithelium
fibr/o fiber
hist/o tissue
kary/o necleus
lip/o fat
my/o muscle
neur/o nerve
organ/o organ
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
system/o system
viscer/o internal organs
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
eti/o cause (of disease)
gno/o knowledge
iatr/o physician, medicine (also means treatment)
lei/o smooth
onc/o tumor, mass
path/o disease
rhabd/o rod-shaped, striated
somat/o body
chlor/o green
chrom/o color
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
dia- through, complete
dys- difficult, labored, painful, abnormal
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, incomplete, deficient
meta- after, beyond, change
neo- new
pro- before
-al, -ic, -ous pertaining to
-cyte cell
-gen substance or agent that produces or causes
-genesis origin, cause
-logist one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
-logy study of
-oid resembling
-oma tumor, swelling
-osis abnormal condition (means increase when used with blood cell word roots)
-pathy disease
-plasia condition of formation, development, growth
-plasm a growth, a substance, a formation
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-sis state of
-stasis control, stop, standing
pooster pooster
Created by: ihavekids