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Med Term Chap. 5

Cardiovascular-Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
aneurysm localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of wall of artery
aneurysmorrhaphy surgical suturing of aneurysm, also known as aneurysmoplasty
angiitis inflammation of blood or lymph vessel, alternate spelling-angitis, also known as vasulitis
angina condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to myocardium, feels like choking and suffocating, also known as angina pectoris
angiocardiography radiographic visualization of heart and its blood vessels after injections of a radiopaque substance
angiography radiographic study that visualizes dimensions of the heart and blood vessels
antihypertensive medication administered to lower blood pressure
arteriectomy surgical removal of an artery
arterionecrosis tissue death of artery or blood vessel walls
arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries, charaterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls
atheroma deposit of plaque or with in arterial wall, characteristic of athersclerosis
balloon angioplasty procedure where small balloon on end of catheter is used to open partially blocked coronary arteries by flattening the plaque deposit nad streching the lumen
bradycardia abnormally slow resting heart rate
cardiomegaly abnormal enlargement of the heart that is frequently associated with heart failure when the heart enlarges in an effort to compensate for the loss of its pumping
cardiorrhexis rupture of coronary artery, interior wall of the heart, or the heart
coronary bypass surgical bypass operation that requires the opening of the chest a piece of vein from the leg or chest is implanted on the heart to replace a blocked coronary artery, improves flow of blood to the heart
dyscrasia abnormal or pathologic condition of blood
echocardiography ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart
electrocardiogram record of electrical activity of myocardium (heart muscle)
electrocardiography record of the electrical activity of myocardium
embolism sudden blockage of blood vessel by a foreign object circulating in blood
embolus foreign object (blood clot, quantity of air or gas) that is articulating in blood
endarterial pertaining to the inner portion of an artery or within an artery or lining of artery
erythorocytosis abnormal increase in number of circulating red blood cells in proportion to other cells
hematologist physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of blood and blood-forming tissues
hematoma swelling or collection of clotted blood trapped in tissues of skin or organ
hemochromatosis genetic disorder in which intestines absorb too much iron, also known as iron overload disease
hemolytic anemia red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow can replace it
hemostasis stop or control of bleeding
ischemia condition with a insufficeint oxygen supply due to restricted blood flow to body part by something obstructing the vessels
myocardial infarction occlusion of 1 or more coronary arteries caused by plaque build up, also known as a heart attack
pericarditis inflammation of pericardium, which is the tissue surrounding the heart
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
septicemia blood poisoning, systemic condition caused by spread of microorganisms and their toxins via circulating blood
tachycardia abnormally rapid resting heart rate
thrombophlebitis inflammation of vein or blood clot
thrombotic occulusion blocking of artery or vein by thrombus or blood clot
thrombus blood clot attached to interior wall of blood vessel
valvuloplasty surgical repair or replacement of heart valve, also known as valvoplasty
Created by: Redd