Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Directional Terms

superior above or on top of the nose is superior to the mouth
inferior below feet are inferior to knees
cephalic / cephalad towards the head the head is cephalic to the shoulders
caudal / caudad toward the tail the hips are caudal to the shoulders
anterior toward the front or before the sternum is anterior to the vertebrae
posterior toward the back or behind the calf muscles are posterior to the shin
ventral refers to the belly; another way of saying anterior the belly button is on the ventral surface of the trunk
dorsal refers to back; another way of saying posterior the gluteal muscles are on the dorsal side of the body
proximal closer to the attachment point the shoulder is proximal to the elbow
distal aways from the attachment point the foot is distal to the knee
medial toward the midline of the body or organ the inner leg bone is on the medial side of the leg
lateral away from the midline of the body or organ the ears are lateral to the nose
frontal plane vertical field passing through the body, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions abduction and adduction occur in the frontal plane
coronal plane alternate reference to the frontal plane, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions abduction and adduction occur in the coronal plane
sagittal plane vertical field running through the body, dividing the body into right and left sides. flexion and extension occur in the sagittal plane
transverse plane horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions head rotation, external, and internal rotation occur in the transverse plane
Fowler's position positioning of a client in bed with head elevated when eating in bed, a client is most often comfortable in a Fowler's position
Trendelenberg position positioning of a client in supine with feet elevated above the head with excess blood loss or shock, a client should be positioned in a Trendelenberg position
orthopneic position positioning of a client leaning or resting with head and shoulders forward when having difficulty catching his breath, a client should sit in an orthopneic position
Sims' position side-lying position with both hips/knees bent, with the top hip bent more, often supported with pillows when pregnant, a woman may feel most comfortable sleeping in a Sims' position
supine on the back snoring may increase when sleeping in supine
prone on the belly newborns should not be left alone in a prone position
erect standing upright
sidelying positioning of a client on his or her side
flexing bending at a joint
extension straightening at a joint
abduction moving away from the center of the body
adduction moving toward the center of the body
supination moving upward or anteriorly holding a bowl of soup
pronation moving downward or posteriorly dropping a bowl of soup
rotation rolling a part on its axis looking side to side requires this movement
external rotation rotation away from the body's midline
internal rotation rotation towards the body's midline
eversion movement of the sole of the foot away from midline; also known as pronation
inversion movement of the sole of the foot towards midline; also known as supination
dorsiflexion flexing toes up towards the shin
plantarflexion pointing toes
Created by: boxlady



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards