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Human Anatomy

Intro Terms

Anatomy the cutting up or dissection of the body; a study of the structure of an organism and the relationship of its parts
Surface Anatomy study of form (morphology) and markings on the surface of the body
Gross Anatomy structure observed with the unaided eye (without a microscope) i.e. cadavers Two approaches: regional and systematic
Microscopic Anatomy devoted to finer detail; microscope is used as an aid
Cytology the study of cells
Histology the study of tissues
Optical (Light) Microscopes phase contrast, ultraviolet, etc.
Transmission Electron Microscope see ultrastructure
Scanning Electron Microscope see ultrustructure
Developmental Anatomy the study of the human body from conception (zygote, i.e. unicellular embryo formation) to adult form
Embryology unicellular sygote to the end of the 8th week in utero
Fetology 9th week to parturition
Endoscopy a narrow, flexible tube with light is inserted into hollow organs via external openings
Endoscope mouth to throat to esophagus to stomach (to see ulcers)
Proctoscope or Sigmoidoscope anal opening to anal canal to rectum to colon (to see hemorrhoids meaning flowing blood, or polyps with colonoscopy)
Pathological Anatomy the study of structureal changes associated with disease
Radiographic Anatomy x-rays are passed through organs and shadows are cast on photographic film
Single Barrage (x-ray) or Roentgenogram a flat image
Computer Assisted Tomography 3-D image of a cross sectional picture
Digital Subtraction Angiography an x-ray image before and after intraveneous iodine allows isolation of arteries
Dynamic Spatial Reconstructor constructs a moving, 3-D lifesize image of an internal organ
Ultrasound or Sonography a device emits a high-frequency sound (radar) and records the echo on a monitor
Scintigraphy (Nuclear Medicine) unstable radioisotopes are introduced into the body, different organs collect and concentrate them; a scintillation counter scans the body and produces and image
Positron Emission Tomography radioisotopes are mroe precisely localized with the aid of computer imaging techniques
Magnetic Resonance Imaging or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance determines if the nuclei of a single element behave normally in response to magnetism; Noninvasive and does not use radiation
Systems integumentary, skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular, lymphatic, nervous, endocrine, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
Created by: sc26