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Anatomy Exam1

Ch. 1-8

Biology the study of life and living things
Anatomy the study of structures and relationship between structures in organism based on observation and description
Physiology the study of the functions of the system of an organism based on observation and experimentation
Microscopic Anatomy the study of structures that can't be seen without magnification
Cytology the study of cells
Histology the study of tissues
Gross Anatomy structures you can see with the human eye
Developmental Anatomy the structural changes from conception
comparative anatomy considers the anatomical organization of different types of animals
What 4 chemicals make up 99% of the body? Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen
What is the result of the combination of many molecules? cells
Cells the smallest living units in the body
organelles individually functioning parts of a cell
The human organism is composed of how many organ systems? 11
Homeostasis maintenance of a constant internal environment
irritability ability of an organism to change in activity based upon a stimulus
adaptability long term response
growth vs. differentiation growth = ability to increase in size and individual cells; differentiation = becoming specialized for particular function
reproduction production of new generation of same organism
metabolism all chemical processes in the body
anabolism building bonds
catabolism the breaking of bonds; decomposition
absorption the process of bringing chemicals into the body
11 body systems integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
Created by: hchoi



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