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part 2 skeletal

functions

QuestionAnswer
Amphiarthroses joints that are slightly move
Projects in which muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other connective tissues tuberosity, spinous process (spine), trochanter, and crest
Synarthroses joints that are immovable
Fibrous joints two or more bones joined by fiberous connective tissues
Abduction movement of a body part away from the midline
types of Synovial joint ball-and-socket, condyloid, gliding, hinge, pivot,and saddle
Diarthroses joints that move freely
Extension movement increasing the angle between parts of a joint
Flexion bending at a joint that decreases the angle between bones
Synovial Joint allows free movement, freely movable joints
Projects to help form joints condyle, head, facet, and ramus
What are the functions of the skeletal system? shape, support, and protect the body; produce blood cells; aid body movements; stores inorganic salts
Cartilage joint two or more bones joined together by cartilage
Abnormal spinal curvatures scoliosis: spine is NOT aligned; kyphosis: "hunch back" Lordosis: the lumbar vertebrae is extremely curved in
Rotation movement turning a body part on its longitudinal axis
Depression or openings allowing blood vessels and nerves to pass Foramen, meatus, and fossa
Blood calcium levels Parathyroid hormone (PTH): activates osteoclasts Calcitonin (CT): inhibits osteoclasts
Created by: AnneG09