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Appendicular Skeleton

superior edge of triangle, contains the suprascapular notch superior border of scapula
lateral edge of triangle lateral border of scapula
medial edge of triangle medial border of scapula
inferior point of triangle inferior angle of scapula
superior-medial point of triangle superior angle
horizontal ridge which separates the dorsal surface into 2 unequal parts; the smaller supraspinous fossa above & the larger infraspinous fossa below scapular spine
lies on the dorsal surface of the scapula, superior to the scapular spine supraspinous fossa
lies on the dorsal surface of the scapula, inferior to the scapular spine infraspinous fossa
slightly concave surface which faces the posterior chest wall; lies against the ribs and is therefore also called the costal surface subscapular fossa
located at the superior edge of the lateral border, an oval, slightly depressed cavity for articulation with humerus glenoid fossa/cavity
small roughened area at the superior edge of the glenoid fossa supraglenoid tubercle
located just inferior to the glenoid fossa at the uppermost part of the lateral border infraglenoid tubercle
lateral curved and flattened expansion of the scapular spine acromion process
curved forward projection located laterally along the superior border, just lateral to the suprascapular notch coracoid process
small notch in the superior border just medial to the coracoid process suprascapular notch
extends from the manubrium of the sternum to the acromion of the scapula; the only bony attachment of the upper limb to the trunk clavicle
slightly S shaped, convex medially and concave laterally body of clavicle
blunt, think end for articulation with the manubrium medial/sternal end of clavicle
rounded, flat end for articulation with the acromion process of scapula lateral/acromial end of clavicle
rounded structure located at proximal end which fits into glenoid fossa head of humerus
a tuberosity which projects laterally from the proximal end, lies LATERAL TO THE BICIPITAL GROOVE greater tubercle
tuberosity which projects anteriorly from the proximal end, located MEDIAL TO THE BICIPITAL GROOVE lesser tubercle
groove which separates the greater from the lesser tubercles; contains the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii intertubercular/bicipital groove
roughened area located on the lateral side, about halfway down the shaft for the insertion of the deltoid muscle deltoid tuberosity
smooth groove running obliquely on the posterior surface at about the same level as the deltoid tuberosity; this groove is for the radial nerve radial groove
medial projection at the distal end of humerus medial epicondyle
lateral projection at the distal end of humerus lateral epicondyle
small rounded structure on the lateral side of the distal end of humerus for articulation with head of radius capitulum
spool-like structure on medial side of distal end of humerus for articulation with ulna trochlea
large depression on posterior side of humerus immediately above trochlea; the olecranon process of ulna fits into this deression upon extension of forearm olecranon fossa
lateral bone of forearm. articulates with humerus proximally, carpal bones distally, and ulna medially radius
located at proximal end, dish shaped structure that has a concave depression superiorly for articulation with capitulum head of radius
slight constriction which separates head from shaft of radius neck of radius
tuberosity on medial side of radius just distal to the neck for insertion of biceps brachii radial tuberosity
narrow projection on the lateral side at the distal end of the radius styloid process of radius
medial bone of forearm ulna
large projection on posterior side of proximal end of ulna that fits into the olecranon fossa of humerus when the forearm is extended olecranon process
curved notch formed by olecranon process posteriorly & coranoid process anteriorly; for articulation w/trochlea of humerus trochlear notch
process which projects anteriorly from the superior end of the ulna; forms the anterior lip of the trochlear notch coranoid process of ulna
slight concave depression on the lateral side of the coronoid process for articulation with the head of the radius radial notch
distal end of ulna, bump on posterior, medial side of wrist head of ulna
pointed projection on medial side of head of ulna styloid process of ulna
Name the 8 carpal bones Scaphoid Lunate Triquetral/Triquetrum Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate Proximal to Distal/Lateral to Medial: (Sally left the party to take Cathy home)
The 2 carpal bones that articulate with the radius scaphoid and lunate
Name the proximal row of carpal bones from lateral to medial scaphoid, lunate, triquetral/triquetrum, pisiform
Name the distal row of carpal bones from lateral to medial Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate
superior portion of the hip bone ilium
thickest portion that helps for acetabulum body of ilium
upper expanded wing-like portion of ilium ala of ilium
expanded upper edge or border of ala iliac crest
anterior projection marking beginning of iliac crest anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)
small projection below the ASIS anterior inferior iliac spine
posterior projection marking end of iliac crest posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)
small projection inferior to PSIS posterior inferior iliac spine
deep indentation on posterior margin extending from posterior inferior iliac spine to ischial spine greater sciatic notch
smooth, slightly concave surface which faces anteriorly on ilium iliac fossa
ear shaped roughened surface on medial border for articulation with sacrum auricular surface
inferior portion of hip bone ischium
lower rounded edge of ischium (part you sit on) ischial tuberosity
thickest portion fuses with ilium and pubis to form acetabulum body of ischium
anterior projection from ischial tuberosity which fuses with inferior ramus of pubis to form the lower border of the obturator foramen ischial ramus
small, posteriorly pointed projection, located just inferior to greater sciatic notch ischial spine
large circular opening in hip bone formed by joining of ischial ramus and inferior pubic ramus inferiorly and superior pubis ramus superiorly obturator foramen
anterior portion of hip bone pubis
fuses with ilium & ischium to form the acetabulum; thickest portion body of pubis
roughened surface at most medial edge of the body for articulation with hip bone of opposite side symphyseal surface
projects upward and laterally from body from pubis superior pubic ramus
short bar that extends posteriorly from body; forms lower border of obturator foramen with ischial ramus inferior pubic ramus
small bump at medial edge of superior pubic ramus pubic tubercle
large circular opening in the ox coxa obturator foramen
cup-shaped cavity formed by fusion of ilium, ischium, and pubic bones. head of femur fits in here to form hip joint acetabulum
indentation located at the inferiorly edge of acetabulum acetabular notch
spherical portion at proximal end, the head articulates with the acetabulum head of femur
small pit or depression in the head for attachment of the ligament of the head of the femur fovea capitis
distal to the head, angled portion attaching head to shaft neck of femur
large lateral/superior projection of femur where neck joins shaft greater trochanter
rounded elevation which projects medially @ posterior/medial junction of neck & shaft of femur lesser trochanter
roughened line located on the anterior side b/t greater & lesser trochanters intertrochanteric line
roughened ridge on posterior side b/t greater & lesser trochanters intertrochanteric crest
roughened vertical ridge on middle portion of posterior surface of shaft of femur linea aspera
rounded, smooth, distal end on medial side of femur for articulation with medial condyle of tibia medial condyle of femur
superior projection on lateral side for articulation with lateral condyle of tibia lateral condyle of femur
superior projection on medial surface of medial condyle, it's uppermost projection is called the adductor tubercle for attachment of adductor magnus muscle medial epicondyle
superior projection on lateral surface of lateral condyle lateral epicondyle
midline notch which separates condyles on posterior/inferior surfaces of femur intercondylar fossa/notch
a sesmoid bone (bone located within a tendon) this bone is located in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris patella
pointed edge of patella projects inferiorly apex of patella
flat edge of patella which forms the superior border base of patella
smooth, flattened posterior surface of medial side, articulates w/anterior surface of medial condyle of femur medial facet of patella
smooth,flattened posterior surface on lateral side, LARGER THAN MEDIAL FACET, and articulates w/anterior surface of the lateral condyle of femur lateral facet of patella
Created by: knewey44



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