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Anatomy lesson

QuestionAnswer
KINETIC ENERGY ENERGY OF MOTION (HEART PUMPING)
ELEMENT BASIC SUBSTANCE THAT MAKES UP ALL MATTER
POTENTIAL ENERGY STORED ENERGY (FAT)
ENERGY THE ABILITY TO DO WORK
LIQUIDS PLASMA, SALIVA
GASES O2, CO2
RADIANT ENERGY ENERGY IN THE FORM OF ELECTRO MAGNETIC WAVES ( X-RAYS, UV LIGHTS)
ELECTRICAL ENERGY ENERGY FROM MOVEMENT OF CHARGED ION PARTICLES (BRAIN)
SOLIDS BONES, MUSCLE
MATTER ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
ATP ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE FUNCTION: E CURRENCY OF CELL NERVE IMPULSE, MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
MECHANICAL ENERGY ENERGY USED TO MOVE MATTER (MUSCLES)
CHEMICAL ENERGY ENERGY STORED IN CHEMICAL BONDS (ATP)
AEROBIC RESPIRATION OCCURS IN MITOCHONDRIA/ REQUIRES 02/ FORMS ATP
ENZYMES FUNCTIONAL PROTIENS THAT SPEED UP RATE METABOLLIC REACTIONS
SATURATION LIMITS INCREASE REACTION RATE AND AMOUNT OF ENZYMES
PHYSICAL FACTOR (GRAPH) WHAT? HOW? ENVIORNMENTAL CHANGES SHAPE OF ENZYME (BREAKS H-BONDS)
COMPETITIVE INHIBITION ANOTHER SUBSTANCE BLOCKS ACTIVE SITE AND PREVENTS ORIGINAL SUBSTRATE FROM BINDING (CARBON MONOXIDE)
ENZYME CONCENTRATION (GRAPH) INCREASE ENZYMES AND INCREASE REACTION RATE EASIER TO FIND SUBSTRATE
SUBSTRATE AND PRODUCT CONCENTRATION AS MORE PRODUCTS ARE MADE FEWER SUBSTRATES ARE AVAILABLE
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK (GRAPH) END PRODUCT BINDING WITH E1 INHIBITING FUNCTION
CHARACTERISTICS OF ENZYMES SPECIFICITY: rEGULATION: EACH ENZYME CAN CATALYZE ONLY ONE TYPE OF REACTION FACATORS THAT TURN AN ENZYME ON AND OFF
HOW ENZYME WORKS SUBSTRATE BINDS TO ACTIVE SITE ENZYME AFTER REACTION= ENZYME RELEASES PRODUCT
ANABOLISM BUILDUP OF LARGER MOLECULES FROM SMALLER MOLECULES REQUIRES ENERGY (DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS)
CATABOLISM BREADOWN OF LARGER MOLECULES INTO SMALLER MOLECULES RELEASES ENERGY BROKEN APART OF HYDROLYSIS
GLYCOLISIS BREAKDOWN OF GLUCOSE = RELEASES ENERGY
COFACTORS WHAT HOW MOLECULES/ IONS MUST ATTATCH TO ACTIVE SITE CHANGES SHAPE OF ACTIVE SITE SO REACTION CAN OCCUR
ALLOSTERIC EFFECTS CONTROLS REACTION RATE ANOTHER SUBSTANCE BINDS AT AN a.E CHANGES ENZYME ACTIVE SITE SHAPE (INCREASE INHIBITATION INCREASE ACTIVATION)
HEAT OF VAPORIZATION AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED TO CHANGE 1G OF H20 FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS (SWEAT, H2O ON SKIN, H2O EVAPORATES, REMOVES ENERGY, COOLS US DOWN)
CHEMICAL BONDS IONIC BOND COVALENT BOND
IONIC BOND GAIN OR LOSE OF ELECTRONS (NACL = NA + CL)
COHESION/ADHESION C= H2O STICKING TO H2O A= WATER STICKING TO SOMETHING ELSE
SURFACE TENSION ALL 4 HYDROGEN BONDS NOT USED SURFACE RESISTS SPREADING OVERCOMING IT? BROKEN DOWN BY SOAPS SURFACTANT?DECREASES SURFACE TENSION IN LUNGS SO DON'T COLLAPSE
CUSHIONING PROVIDES BUYONANCY FOR BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD PROTECTION FOR BABY (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID, AMBIOTIC SACK)
IONIC BONDs SALT DISSOLVED IN H2O, BREAK APART, IONS
CHOLESTORAL BIASIS OF ALL BODY STEROIDS; VITAL TO HOMEOSTASIS (MEAT, EGGS)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (GRAPH) TRANSPORT LIPIDS IN PLASMA (GLUCOSE)
TRIGLYCERIDES (GRAPH) PROTECT/INSULATE BODY'S ORGANS (GLYCEROL)
POLYSACCHRIDES LONG CHAINS OR LINKED SIMPLE SUGARS (STORES PRODUCTS) STARCH
DISACCHARIDES 2 SIMPLE SUGARS FORMED BY SUNTHESIS ENERGY FOR ATP (CANE SUGAR, MILK)
MONOSACCHRIDES SINGLE CHAIN/RING STRUCTURE PUT GLUCOSE IN BLOOD (BLOOD SUGAR)
NUCLEIC ACIDS NUCLEOTIDES STORE/TRANSMIT GENETIC INFO DNA, RNA
CARBOHYDRATE MONSACCHARIDE, DISACCHARIDES CONVERTS GLUCOSE INTO ENERGY STARCH
LIPIDS FATTY ACIDS, GLYCEROL STORE ENRGY! TRANSFATS
PROTIENS AMINO ACIDS COLLAGEN/GENES
ORGANIC COMPOUND CHARACTERISTICS CARBON AND H BACKBONE DISSOLVE IN LIQUIDS COVALENTLY BONDED
ANABOLIC STEROIDS STIMULATES ANNOBOLISM PROMOTES TISSUE GROWTH
FUNCTIONS OF PROTIENS HORMONES, TRANSPORT, ANTIBODIES, ENZYMES, STRUCTURE
PANCREATIC JUICES GASTRIC ACID VAGINAL FLUID BLOOD 7.1-7.8 1.2-3.0 3.5-4.5 7.35-7.45
ALAKLOSIS PERSON IS NERVOUS EXCITED, CONVULSIONS BLOOD PH IS GREATER THAN 7.45
ACIDOSIS BLOOD PH IS LESS THAN 7.35 DISORIENTED, NERVOUS SYSTEM SLOWS DOWN, COMA
PH INFLUENCES ENZYMES ABILITY TO ACT AS A CATALYST DETERMINES ELECTRICAL CHARGE OF MOLECULE WATER =7
NEUTRALIZATION REACTION ACID + BASE = SALT + WATER REGULATES OUR BODYS PH
BASE SUBSTANCE THAT CAN ACCEPT A H-ION
ACID SUBSTANCE THAT CAN DONATE A HYDROGEN ION REGULATES CO2 IN BLOOD CONTROLS ACIDITY 0-7 PH
CHEMICAL REACTIONS WATER PROPERTY WITHOUT WATER WE CANNOT BREAK DOWN FOOD (HYDROLYSIS) AIDS IN BREAKING DOWN FOOD
IONS FORMED BY ELEMENTS THAT HAVE EITHER GAINED OR LOST ELECTRONS
ELECTROLYTES SALTS DISSOCIATED IN BODILY FLUIDS NA/K=NERVE IMPULES, FE=CARRIES 02 IN HEMOGLOBIN OF BLOOD CA=CLOTTING, MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
UNIVERSAL SOLVENT SOLVENT SOLUTE WAY WE TRANSPORT
SOLVENT DOES THE DISSOLVING WATER
SOLUTE GETS DISSOLVED SUGAR
SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED TO RAISE 1G OF H20 1 DEGREE CELCIUS ALLOWS US TO RESIS TEMP. FLUCTUATIONS
INTERMOLECULAR FORCES FORCES BETWEEN MOLECULES HYDROGEN BONDS H20
COVALENT BOND SHARING OF ELECTRONS (H20, SUGAR, OIL) POLAR AND NON POLAR
POLAR CONVALENT NON SHARING (H20)
NON-POLAR SHARING (OIL)
Created by: devin.stearns