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BDILL Endocrine

Hormones of the Endocrine System

These organs produce both hormones and exocrine products. Pancreas and gonads
Chemicals (not considered hormones)that exert their effects on the same cells that secrete them. Autocrines
Locally acting chemicals (not considered hormones)that affect cells other than those that secrete them. Paracrines
Regulate metabolic function of other cells, lag times from seconds to hours, usually prolonged effects, classified as amino-acid based or steroids. Hormones
These hormones difuse easily into their target cells. Steroid hormones
One hormone cannot exert its effects without another hormone being present. Permissivenness
More than one hormone produces the same affects on a target cell. Synergism
One or more hormone opposes the action of another hormone. Antagonism
hormones are released in response to these three differnt types of stimuli. Humoral, Neural, and Hormonal
Secretion of hormones in direct response to changing blood levels of ions and nutrients. Humoral Stimuli
Nerve fibers stimulate hormone release. Neural stimuli
Release of hormones in response to hormones produced by other edocrine organs. Hormonal stimuli
Two lobed organ that secretes nine major hormones. Pituitary gland
Posterior lobe (neural tissue) of the pituitary gland. Receives, stores and releases hormones from the hypothalamus. Neurohypophysis
Anterior lobe of pit. gland, made up of glandular tissue, synthesizes and secretes a number of hormones. Adenohypophysis
A downward growth of the hypothalmic neural tissue. Posterior lobe
Lobe of the pit. gland that is an outpocketing of the oral mucosa. Anterior lobe
The hormones of the adenohypophysis that regulate the activity of other endocrine glands. GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, and PRL
Is enzymatically split into ACTH, opiates,and MSH. POMC--pro-opiomelanocortin
Tropic hormones that are released by a chemical sending stimulus from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary. TSH, Adrenocorticotropic hormone, FSH, LH
Created by: barrymdeeper1



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