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Skin Lesions

Types of Skin Lesions

QuestionAnswer
Macule Flat change in color. Freckles, measles, and petechiae
Papule Elevated sold mass. Moles and warts
Nodule Elevated, solid, and deeper than papule. Small lipoma, squamous cell carcinoma, fibroma, and intradermal.
Wheal Elevated and red with diffuse fluid rather than free fluid. Hives or Insect bites.
Vesicle Elevated, fluid-filled. Herpes, chickenpox, poison ivy, small burns.
Pustule Filled with pus. Size varies Acne, impetigo, and carbuncles.
Cyst Elevated encapsulated. Sebaceous cyst or epidermoid cyst.
Ulcer Deep and extending into dermis or even subcutaneous layer. Decubitus ulcers, chancres.
Fissure Linear crack with sharp edges. Cracks in the corner of mouth Athlete's foot.
Cicatrix Flat irregular area of scarring. Healed wounds or acne
Keloid Elevated excess scar tissue. From ear piercing, surgery, burns.
Comedo Blackhead
Pruritis Severe itching.
Skin Cancer Basal Cell Squamous Cell Malignant Melanoma
Lupus Butterfly rash
Actinic Keratosis Precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to the sunlight. Avoid the sun.
Erythema Red skin.
Rosacea A vascular disorder with red blotches.
Psoriasis chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales.
Urticaria Hive
Shingles Herpes Zoster
Seborrheic dermatitis Dandruff
Abrasion Scraping away of the skin. Rug burn or "Road Rash"
Contusion Injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration. "Bruise" "Goose Egg" Br
Ecchymosis Fancy name for black and blue Bruising
Fat Lip/o steat/o adip/o Combining Form - lip/o Liposuction involves suctioning fat from subcutaneous layer.
Kerat/o Hard
Myc/o Fungus
Onych/o Nail
Plas/o Formation
Trich/o Hair
Seb/o sebum (oil)
squam/o Scale
Xer/o Dry
Rhytidectomy Also known as "face lift" Literally removal of wrinkles.
Alopecia Baldness Also call "Fox Mange"
Py/o Pus
Burns 1st degree - sunburn 2nd degree- partial thickness 3rd degree- full thickness 4th degree- down to the bone
First Degree Burn Effect only epidermis Typically red, dry in texture and moderately painful. Severe sunburn, hot liquid splash or brief flash burn. Usually heal within 7 days and do not leave long-term scarring.
Second Degree Burn Effect epidermis and portion of dermis. Usually result of scalding, direct contact with major heat sources or chemicals, flash and flame burns. Proper treatment- 7-14 days recovery with minimal impairment or disfigurement.
Third Degree Burn Effect epidermis and entire dermis Virtually painless because of level of damage to nerve endings. Require immediate medical attention.
Skin Allergies Testing may be helpful. Scratch testing.
Tine Instrument with pointed ends for performing tuberculosis test. Mantoux test more widely used since more accurate.
Chemosurgery Chemical face peel
Cryosurgery destroys tissue with freezing.
Dermabrasion removes epidermis using wire brushes and emery paper. Works to remove scars, tattoo, or wrinkles.
Debridgement Removes dead tissue from wound or burn site to promote healing.
Curettage small knife used for debridgement
Electrosurgery done with electrical current
Fulguration use of electric sparks to destroy tissue.
Incision & Drainage I & D "lancing"
Laser L ight A mplification by S timulated E mission of R adiation
Autograft a graft that uses skin or tissue from one's own body.
BX Biopsy
Cx Cervical
Dx Diagnosis
Fx Fracture
Hx History
Px Prognosis
Rx Prescription
Sx Symptoms
Created by: natsands1