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Chapter 15 a&p

combining forms

QuestionAnswer
calc/o calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebra
verterbr/o verterbra
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum
calcane/o calcaneus
carp/o carpals
clavicul/o clavicle
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humerus
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o mandible
maxill/o maxilla
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
olecran/o olecranon
patell/o patella
pelv/i pelvis
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius
scapul/o scapula
stern/o sternum
tars/o tarsals
tibi/o tibia
uln/o ulna
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chrondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
fasci/o facia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle connected to bones
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy nourishment, development
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly- many, much
the type of connective tissue acts as a shock absorber between the bones cartilege
which type of muscle does not regenterate when damaged? cardiac
what action is accomplished by curling a weight? flexion
moving your leg away from your body is called abduction
smooth muscles are also refferd to as ---- muscles visceral
a ---- is the displacement of a bone from its normal position in a joint dislocation
this form of arthritis is characterized by an excess or uric acid gouty arthritis
what is the neuromuscular disorder caused by bacteria found in the ground tetanus
what is the disorder of the peripheral nervous systen that causes ascending paralysis guillain-barre syndrome
name the muscular disease that is characterized by aches, pains and muscle stiffness with specific tender areas fibromyalgia
what is the neuromuscular disease characterized by degenerative muscle fibers muscular dystrophy
what is the examination to evaluate the strength of the contractions of a muscle EMG
the repair of a fracture through surgical means is called open reduction
the test administered to evaluate bone density is called a DEXA scan
the disorder is due to a vitamin d deficienct in children rickets
the disorder that is caused by repetitive motions of the hands and wrists is called carpal tunnel syndrome
---- means inflamation of a joint arthritis
a broken bone with an external wound is called a compound/open
the type of fracture that results i many small fragments of a bone is called a --- fracture comminuted
fibroids of the uterus are examples of benign smooth muscle tumors called leiomyomas
---- is a a disorder in which the natural process of bone growth has changed paget's disease
a ---- is a break or injury to a ligament sprain
a ---- is a break or injury to a tendon strain
MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging
---- is the surgical repair of a joint arthroplasty
--- is the visual exam of a joint with an endoscope arthroscopy
the removal of a limb is called an amputation
the removal of bone or disc material from the vertebral coloumn is called laminectomy
an --- is the removal of fluid from a joint through a surgical procedure arthrocentesis
---- is a a disorder in which the natural process of bone growth has changed paget's disease
a ---- is a break or injury to a ligament sprain
a ---- is a break or injury to a tendon strain
MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging
---- is the surgical repair of a joint arthroplasty
--- is the visual exam of a joint with an endoscope arthroscopy
the removal of a limb is called an amputation
the removal of bone or disc material from the vertebral coloumn is called laminectomy
an --- is the removal of fluid from a joint through a surgical procedure arthrocentesis
Created by: Marlee126