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Chapter 15

calc/o, calci/o calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebra
vertebr/o vertebra
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum
calcane/o calcaneus
carp/o carpals
clavicul/o clavicle
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humerus
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o mandible
maxill/o maxilla
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
olecran/o olecranon
patell/o patella
pelv/i pelvis
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius
scapul/o scapula
stern/o sternum
tars/o tarsals
tibi/o tibia
uln/o ulna
ankyl/o stiff
arhtr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
fasci/o fascia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle connected to bones
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development, nourishment
ab- away from
ad- towards
dorsi- back
poly- many, much
AC Joint acromioclavicular joint
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
EMG electromyography
IM intramuscular
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
TKR total knee replacement
THR total hip replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
This type of connective tissue acts as a shock absorber between the bones? cartilage
Name the three types of muscle. striated, smooth, and cardiac
Which type of muscle does not regenerate when damaged? cardiac
What action is accomplished by curling a weight? flexion
Moving your lef away form your body is called abduction
Smooth muscles are also referred to as ___ muscles. vesceral
______ refers to fusion of the bones. ankylosis
A _____ is the displacement of a bone from its normal position in a joint. dislocation
This form of arthritis is characterized by an excess of uric acid. gouty arthritis
What is the neuromuscular disorder cause by bacteria found in the ground? tetanus
What is the disorder of the peripheral nervous system that causes ascending paralysis? Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Name the muscular disease that is characterized by aches, pains and muscle stiffness with specific tender areas? fibromyalgia
What is the neuromuscular disease chatacterized by degenerative muscle fibers? muscular dystrophy
What is the examination to evaluate the strength of the contractions of a muscle? EMG
The repair of a fracture through surgical means is called ____. open reduction
The test administered to evaluate bone density is called a _____. DEXA scan
This disorder is due to a Vitamin D deficiency in children. rickets
The disorder that is caused by repetitive motions of the hands and wrists is called _____. carpal tunnel syndrome
____ means inflammation of joints. arthritis
A broken bone with an external wound is called a _____. compound/open
The type of fracture that results in many small fragments of bone is called a ____ fracture. comminuted
Fibroids of the uterus are examples of benign smooth muscle tumors called ____. leiomyomas
_______ is a disorder in which the natural process of bone growth has changed. Paget's Disease
A ___ is a break or injury to a ligament. sprain
A ___ is a break or injury to a tendon. strain
MRI Megnetic Resonance Imaging
_____ is the surgical repair of a joint. athroplasty
____ is the visual ecam of a joint with an endoscope. arthroscopy
The removal of a limb is called ____. amputation
The removal os bone or disc material from the vertebral column is called ____. laminectomy
An ____ is the removal of fluid from a joint through a surgical procedure. arthrocentesis
Created by: RachaelCB



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