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Medical Terminlogy

QuestionAnswer
A/ Not without, less
ab From, Away from, off
abs from, Away From, off
acantho thorn
acou hearing
acro extremity
acu hearing
ad increase, adherence, motion toward, very
ad toward, in the direction of, waard
adeno gland
adip fat
adipo fat
agogue promoter, stimulator
al pertaining to
alb white
albo white
alge pain
algesi pain
algo pain
allo other, different
ambi around, on(both) sides, on all sides both
ambly dull
amblyo dull
amylo starch, polysaccharide
an not, without- less
ana up, toward, apart
ando male
angi/ angio vessel
ankylo crooked
ante before
anthraco coal, carbone
anti against, opposing, curative, antibody
apo separated from, derived from
aque/ aqueo water
ar pertaining to
arche beginning
arteri/ arterio artery
arthr/o joint, articulation
ary pertaining to
ase an enzyme
ate a salt or ester of an ic acid
athero pasty, fatty
atto one quintillionth
audi/o hearing
auri/ aurio ear
aut/0 self, same
bacteri/ bacterio bacteria
balano penis
bi twice, double
bio Life
blasto budding by cells or tissue
blephar/ blepharo eyelid
brachi/ brachio arm
brachy short
Bronch/ bronchi/ broncho bronchus
carcin/ carcino cancer
cardi/ cardio 1- heat/ 2-esophageal opening of stomach
carpo wrist
cata down
caud tail, lowe part of body
cele hernia, swelling
celio abdomen
centesis surgical puncture
centi one hundredth
cephal/ cephalo head
cervic/ cervico neck
cheil/ cheilo lip
cheir/cheiro hand
chem/ chemo 1-chemistry, 2-drug
chir/chiro hand
chlor 1-green 2-chlorine
chol bile
chondro/ chondrio 1-cartilage, 2-granular, 3-grity
chrom/chromat/ chromo color
chron/ chrono time
cidal/ cide killing, destroying
cis on this side, on the near side
clast breaker
clysis washing
co/ com/con/ cor with, together, in association
colp/o vagina
conio dust
cor/core/coro pupil
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
culdo cul-de-sac
cyan/o blue/ cynide
cycl circle/ ciliary body
cyst/ cysti/ cysto bladder/ cyst, cyatic duct
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tears
dactyl/o finger, toe
de away from, cessation
deca ten
deci one tenth
deka ten
dent/i tooth
derma/dermat/dermato skin
desis bending
dextr/o right, toward or on the right side
di/ dif separation, takin apart, reversal, not, un
duo two
duedeno duedenum
dynia pain
dynamo force, energy
dys difficult, bas
ect/o outer, on the side
ectasia/ ectasi dilatation, streching
ectomy excision
emphraxis obstruction
encephal/o brain
end/ ent/ ento within/ inner
enter/o small intestine
epi upon
ergo work
erythr/o red, redness
eso inward
esthesio sensation, perception
eu good, well
ex out of, from, away from
exo exterior, external, outward
extra outside of, without
ferri ferric iron
ferro metalic iron, ferrous iron (fe)
fibr/o fiber
form in the form or shape of
galact/o milk
gastr/o stomach, belly
gen producing, coming to be, precursor
giga one billion
gingiv/o gums
gluss/o tongue
gluco glucose
glyco sugar
gnath jaw
gon seed, semen
gram recording
granul/o granular, granule
graph recording instrument
gyn/ gyneco/ gynn woman
hecto one hundred
hem/ hema/ hemat/o blood
hepat/hepatico liver
help/ hepta seven
hird/o sweat
hist/o, histio tissue
homeo same, constant
hydr/o water
hypo excessive
infra below
inguino groin
enter between, among
intra/ intro within
irid/o iris
ischi/ischio ichium
. ism condition
iso equal, like, sameness
kal/ kali potasium
karyo nucleus
kerat/o cornea
kilo one thousand
kine/kino movement
kinesio/kineso motion
labio lip
lacrim/o tears
lacti/ lact/o milk
laparo abdomen
laryng/o larynx
lateri/ latero lateral, to one side
lepsy seizure
lepto light, slender, thin, frail
leuk/o write
lip/o fat
lith/o stone, calculus
lymph/o lymph
lys-lysis dissolution
macr/o large/long
mal bad, deficient
malacia softening
manm/ manma/ manmo/ mast/o breast
megalo large
megaly enlargement
men menstuation
mening/o meninges
ment/o chin
mes/o middle, intermediate
meta after, behing , joint action, sharing
meter measurement
metr/o uterus
micro small
mono single
morph/o form,shape, structure
my//myo muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
nas/o nose
natr/i sodium
necr/o death
neo new
nephr/o kidney
neur/ neuri/ neur/o nerve, nervous system
norm/o normal
octo eight
oculo eye, ocular
odont/o tooth
odyn/o pain
oblig/o few, little
oma/ omato tumor, neoplasm
onych/o fingernai, toenail
opia vision
or/o month
ossi bone
ost/oste/osteo bone
avari/ ovario avary
ovi/ovo egg
oxa/oxo oxygen
pan all, entire
para abnormal, involvement of two like parts
macr/o large/long
mal bad, deficient
malacia softening
manm/ manma/ manmo/ mast/o breast
megalo large
megaly enlargement
men menstuation
mening/o meninges
ment/o chin
mes/o middle, intermediate
meta after, behing , joint action, sharing
meter measurement
metr/o uterus
micro small
mono single
morph/o form,shape, structure
my//myo muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
nas/o nose
natr/i sodium
necr/o death
neo new
nephr/o kidney
neur/ neuri/ neur/o nerve, nervous system
norm/o normal
octo eight
oculo eye, ocular
odont/o tooth
odyn/o pain
oblig/o few, little
oma/ omato tumor, neoplasm
onych/o fingernai, toenail
opia vision
or/o month
ossi bone
ost/oste/osteo bone
avari/ ovario avary
ovi/ovo egg
oxa/oxo oxygen
pan all, entire
para abnormal, involvement of two like parts
macr/o large/long
mal bad, deficient
malacia softening
manm/ manma/ manmo/ mast/o breast
megalo large
megaly enlargement
men menstuation
mening/o meninges
ment/o chin
mes/o middle, intermediate
meta after, behing , joint action, sharing
meter measurement
metr/o uterus
micro small
mono single
morph/o form,shape, structure
my//myo muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
nas/o nose
natr/i sodium
necr/o death
neo new
nephr/o kidney
neur/ neuri/ neur/o nerve, nervous system
norm/o normal
octo eight
oculo eye, ocular
odont/o tooth
odyn/o pain
oblig/o few, little
oma/ omato tumor, neoplasm
onych/o fingernai, toenail
opia vision
or/o month
ossi bone
ost/oste/osteo bone
avari/ ovario avary
ovi/ovo egg
oxa/oxo oxygen
pan all, entire
para abnormal, involvement of two like parts
pari equal
path/o desease
ped/pedi/pedo child, foot
penia deficientlt
peri around, about
pexy fixation, usualy surgical
phago lens
pharmaco drug, medicine
pharyng/o pharynx
philo/phila attraction, chemical affinity
phleb/o vein
phon/o sound
phor/o bearing/carrying
phren/o diaphragm, mind
physio physical, natural
plan/ plani flat
plasia formation
plasma/ plasmat/ plasmato plasma
pleo more
plesio near/similar
pleura/pleuri/pleuro rib, pleura
pneum/pneuma/pneumat/o air gas, lung, breathing
pod/podo foot-shaped
poly multiplicity
post after, behind, posterior
pro before, anterior
proct/o anus, rectum
pseud/o false
quadr/i four
rachi/rachio spinal column
re again
rect straight, rectum
ren/reno kidney
retro backward, behind
rhin/o nose
rrhagia discharge
rrhea flow
rrhexis rupture
salping/o tube
sarco flesh, muscle
sclero hardness
sept/septi/septo seven
sial/sialo saliva, salivary gland
sider/o iron
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
sin/sino/sinu sinus
samat/o body
somno sleep
son/o sound
spasmo spasm
sperm/o sperm
spir/o breathing
splanchno viscera
spleen/o spleen
stom/stmat/o mouth
sub beneath, less than normal
sym/syl together
tachy rapid
tel/e distant
teno/ten/tendino tendon
therm/o heat
thorac/thoracico thorax, chest
thromb/o blood clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
tone tone, tension
top place, topica
tox/toxi/toxo/toxico toxin, poison
trache/tracheo trachea
trans across
tri three
trich/trichi hair
trophy food, nutrition
ultra beyong
uni one, single
uri/ uria urine, urination
vas/vasculo duct, blood vessel
vesic/o urinary bladder, vesicle
xanth/o yellow, yellowish
xero dry
zo animal, life
zoo animal, life
zym/o fermentation, enzymes
Created by: nwalsh